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Record Salmon in One Place. Barely Any in Another. Alarm All Around.

This summer, fishers in the world’s largest wild salmon habitat pulled a record-breaking 65 million sockeye salmon from Alaska’s Bristol Bay …

Record Salmon in One Place. Barely Any in Another. Alarm All Around.

This summer, fishers in the world’s largest wild salmon habitat pulled a record-breaking 65 million sockeye salmon from Alaska’s Bristol Bay, beating the 2018 record by more than three million fish.

But on the Yukon River, about 500 miles to the north, salmon were alarmingly absent. This summer’s chum run was the lowest on record, with only 153,000 fish counted in the river at the Pilot Station sonar — a stark contrast to the 1.7 million chum running in year’s past. The king salmon runs were also critically low this summer — the third lowest on record. The Yukon’s fall run is also shaping up to be sparse.

The disparity between the fisheries is concerning — a possible bellwether for the chaotic consequences of climate change; competition between wild and hatchery fish; and commercial fishing bycatch.

“This is something we’ve never seen before,” said Sabrina Garcia, a research biologist with the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. “I think that we’re starting to see changes due to climate change, and I think that we’re going to continue to see more changes, but we need more years of data.”

The low runs have had ripple effects for communities along the Yukon River and its tributaries — the Andreafski, Innoko, Anvik, Porcupine, Tanana and Koyukuk Rivers — resulting in a devastating blow to the people relying on salmon as a food staple, as feed for sled dogs and as an integral and enriching cultural tradition spanning millenniums.

Serena Fitka, the executive director of the Yukon River Drainage Fisheries Association, was raised on the Lower Yukon River, in St. Mary’s, Alaska, and worked the fish rack of her family’s summer fish camp.Credit…Ash Adams for The New York Times

“We have over 2,000 miles of river, and our numbers are so low,” said Serena Fitka, the executive director of the Yukon River Drainage Fisheries Association. “Where are all our fish? That’s the question hanging over everyone’s head.”

Because the critically low runs of chinook and chum didn’t meet escapement goals, the Alaska Department of Fish and Game prohibited subsistence, commercial and sports fishing on all of the Yukon, leaving nearly 50 communities with basically no salmon.

“When we have a disaster of this magnitude, where people are worried about their food security, they’re worried about their spiritual security, they’re worried about the future generations’ ability to continue our way of life and culture — our leadership is very anxious,” said Natasha Singh, who is general counsel for the Tanana Chiefs Conference, a tribal organization representing 42 villages in an interior Alaska region nearly the size of Texas. “Our people are very anxious. They want to remain Athabascan-Dene. They want to remain Native, and that’s at risk.”

It’s not the first time salmon runs on the Yukon River and its tributaries have plummeted, but this summer’s record low numbers feel particularly distressing. A large stretch of the Yukon River carries only two of the five species of salmon found in Alaska: chinook and chum.

“When one species crashes, we’re kind of shocked, but we’re OK because we know we can eat from the other stock,” said Ben Stevens, the tribal resource commission manager for Tanana Chiefs Conference. “But, this year is unprecedented in that we don’t have either stock there. They’re both in the tank.”

Stevens Village sits along the 1,980 mile-long Yukon River, which flows from British Columbia to the Bering Sea, and is one of seven villages in the Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge, an area federally dedicated to fish and wildlife conservation.Credit…Ash Adams for The New York Times

Yukon River chinook salmon have been in decline for decades, shrinking in size and in quantity as the years pass. The region is also seeing mass die-offs of salmon. In 2019, thousands of chum carcasses washed up on the banks of the Yukon River and its tributaries, which scientists blamed on heat stress from water temperatures of nearing 70 degrees, about 10 to 15 degrees higher than typical for the area.

While warming waters can create an inhospitable habitat for salmon, some research indicates that the heat benefited the sockeye in Bristol Bay, boosting the food supply for young salmon.

Some fish processors are donating excess fish from Bristol Bay to communities along the Yukon. SeaShare and other Alaska fish processors are coordinating donations, and more salmon is expected to be shipped in the next few weeks.

“It’s so heartwarming to have our fellow Alaskans reach out and provide donations,” Mr. Stevens said. “I’m just kind of sad that we’ve allowed the situation to get this bad.”

At his family’s fish camp an hour boat ride away from his home of Stevens Village, Darrell Kriska checks on the salmon that’s drying on the racks. This year, he said, it takes much longer to get far less fish than the family is used to.Credit…Ash Adams for The New York Times

Mr. Stevens is a Koyukon Athabascan from Stevens Village, a small community northwest of Fairbanks, Alaska, where the Trans-Alaska Pipeline crosses over the Yukon River. He toured the region last month to hear how communities are coping with the low runs. He said people are scared about a winter with no food, and for the consequences that come with being disconnected from the land and animals. With the loss of fish also comes “the incredible loss of culture,” Mr. Stevens said.

Meat harvested from the land is a core food for people living off Alaska’s road system, whose communities are accessible only by boat or plane. Steep shipping costs and long travel times make fresh food at village stores prohibitively expensive and limited; the custom of harvesting food together with friends and family goes back thousands of years.

No salmon also means no fish camp — an annual summer practice where families gather along the rivers to catch, cut and preserve salmon for the winter, and where important life lessons and values are passed down to the next generation.

“We go out and we pass on our tradition over thousands of years from the young to the old,” said PJ Simon, a chief and chairman of the Tanana Chiefs Conference. “That’s our soul. That’s our identity. And that’s where we get our courage, our craftsmanship, for everything that has led up to where we are today.”

PJ Simon, a chief and chairman of the Tanana Chiefs Conference, in Stevens Village, where the Tanana Chiefs Conference held its subregional meeting this summer, bringing leaders together for meetings and celebration.Credit…Ash Adams for The New York Times

The 19-year-old model and activist Quannah Chasinghorse travels to her family’s fish camp every summer. Ms. Chasinghorse is Han Gwich’in and Oglala Lakota, and is from the Eagle, Alaska.

“Every time I go out to fish camp there’s something new I notice that’s different — due to climate change, due to so many different things — and it breaks my heart because I want to be able to bring my children, and I want them to experience how beautiful these lands are,” Ms. Chasinghorse said. “I want to see younger generations fishing and laughing and having fun and knowing what it’s like to work hard out on the land.”

The future of Yukon salmon runs remains uncertain. But there’s still time for fishers in the region to adapt to the effects of climate change and to different management approaches, said Ms. Singh, the attorney. If salmon are allowed to rebound, then “our children will be fishing people,” she said.

“We shouldn’t conclude that climate change is going to change our fisheries to the point where we have to give up our identity,” Ms. Singh said.

Mr. Stevens said the state and federal natural resource managers “need more Indigenous science” and more “traditional resource management principles in play right now.”

“I think we need folks to know that the last great salmon run on this globe, the last wild one, is about ready to end,” Mr. Stevens said. “But, we can stop it.”

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100 mg fiyatcialis 5 mg fiyatviagra 100 mg fiyatcialis 5 mg fiyatcialis fiyat eczanepostegropostegrocinsel hastalıklarereksiyon sorunuacarkent escortbahariye escortcialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgcialis 5 mgcialis fiyatcialiscialis fiyatlarıviagra fiyatviagra siparişcialis satışcialis siparişviagra fiyatlarıkartal escortbedava bonus veren bahis siteleribahisgaziantep escortviagraviagra fiyatpostegropostegropostegroDubai escortsDubai escortsLondon escortsfree instagram followersMarmaris Escortpendik escortkartal escortkurtkoy escorttuzla escorthalkalı escortbayrampaşa escortbaşakşehir escortbahçelievler escortbağcılar escortbahçeşehir escortkadın giyimfantezi babydollfantezi çorapfantezi giyimKadın üst giyimkadın alt giyimkadın ayakkabıkadın atletbluz bodybot bootiekadın ceketkadın çizmekadın elbiseelbise abiyekadın eşofman altıkadın eşofman takımıAnkara escort bayanturgutreis escortpostegroweb postegroweb postegropostegroizmit escortistanbul escortkaynarca escortviagra 100 mg fiyatviagra 100 mg fiyatgaziantep escort bayanGüvenilir bahis SiteleriBalgat escortÇankaya escortCebeci escortDemetevler escortDikmen escortEryaman escortEsat escortEtlik escortKeçiören escortKızılay escortKolej escortRus escortSincan escortYenimahalle escortAtaşehir escortanadolu yakası escortAnadolu yakası escortAtaşehir escortAtaşehir escortKadıköy escortKadıköy escortÜmraniye escortÜmraniye escortBostancı escortBostancı escortbostancı escortpostegroadana escortadana escort bayanafyon escortacarkent escortacibadem escortadalar escortafyon escortalanya escort bayanalanya escortantalya escort bayanantalya escortartvin escortartvin escortbeylikdüzü escortbeylikdüzü escortbeylikdüzü escortbeylikdüzü escortbodrum escortbolu escortbolu escortburdur escortbursa escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçanakkale escortçeşme escortdidim escortdiyarbakır escortdiyarbakır escortedirne escortedirne escortelazığ escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzincan escorterzurum escorterzurum escortbodrum escortbursa escortbursa escorteskişehir escorteskişehir escortgaziantep escortgaziantep escortgaziantep escortgiresun escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthatay escorthatay escortısparta escortısparta escortkars escortkastamonu escortkastamonu escortkayseri escortkayseri escortkıbrıs escortkıbrıs escortkonya escortkonya escortkuşadası escortkütahya escortkütahya escortmalatya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmanisa escortmardin escortmardin escortmarmaris escortmersin escortnevşehir escortnevşehir escortniğde escortniğde escortordu escortordu escortrize escortrize escortsakarya escortsakarya escortsamsun escortsamsun escortşanlıurfa escortşanlıurfa escortsinop escortsinop escortsivas escortsivas escorttekirdağ escorttekirdağ escorttrabzon escorttrabzon escortuşak escortvan escortvan escortyalova escortyalova escortyozgat escortyozgat escortzonguldak escortzonguldak escortCoinbar girişSafirbet girişcratosslot girişAsyabahis girişTempobet girişMarsbahis girişBetebet girişVdcasino girişVevobahis girişBetper girişimajbet girişHoliganbet girişJojobet girişAnadolucasino girişArtemisbet girişbelugabahis girişbetvole girişinterbahis girişmilanobet girişZeytinburnu EscortYeşilköy EscortYenibosna EscortÜmraniye EscortTopkapı EscortTaksim EscortSuadiye EscortSınırsız EscortŞişman EscortŞişli EscortŞirinevler EscortSilivri EscortPendik EscortOrtaköy EscortOlgun EscortNişantaşı EscortMerter EscortMecidiyeköy EscortMaslak EscortMaltepe EscortMahmutbey EscortLevent EscortKurtköy EscortKüçükyalı EscortKüçükçekmece EscortKartal EscortKağıthane EscortKadıköy Escortİstanbul Escortİkitelli EscortHaramidere EscortHalkalı EscortGöztepe EscortGenç EscortFlorya EscortFındıkzade EscortFatih EscortEtiler EscortEsenyurt EscortEscort NumaralarıEscort BayanlarErenköy EscortElit Escortçekmeköy escortÇıtır Escortşerifali escortCihangir Escortümraniye escortüsküdar escortCevizli EscortCennet Mahallesi Escortsuadiye escortÇapa Escortkadıköy escortÇağlayan Escortgöztepe escortBüyükçekmece Escortbostancı escortgöztepe escortBostancı EscortBeyoğlu Escortsuadiye escorterenköy escortbostancı escortanadolu yakası escortavrupa yakası escortBeylikdüzü EscortBeşiktaş Escortanadolu yakası escortBayrampaşa EscortBaşakşehir Escortümraniye escortBakırköy Escortkadıköy escortBahçelievler Escortbostancı escortBağdat Caddesi Escortataşehir escortBağcılar Escortcevizli escortatalar escortmaltepe escortAvrupa Yakası Escortkartal escortmaltepe escortAvcılar EscortAtaşehir Escortümraniye escortsupertotobetrestbet girisbetpas girisbetbabayurtdisiaugenoperationbotox bruisinghepsibahisrexbetsuperbetinbetsatbets10romabettarafbetbetparkhilbetonbahisbahsegelbahigowinxbetelitbahisdinamobetbetmatiktimebetgebze escortleopard honeyAnkara escortUlus escortTunalı escortTandoğan escortSıhhiye escortRus escortMamak escortMamak escortGölbaşı escortCinsel sağlık ürünleriCinsel performans ilaçlarıCialis fiyatCialis 20 mg fiyatCialis 100 mg fiyatCialis 30 lu tablet fiyatViagra fiyatViagra 100 mg fiyatViagra 30 lu fiyatViagra 4 lü tablet fiyatıVega 100 mgVega 100 mg fiyatVega 100 mg eczaneKamagra jelKamagra Jel fiyatKamagra jel eczaneSertleştirici haplarGeciktirici ürünlercialiscinsel sağlık ürünleribayan azdırıcı fiyatkadın azdırıcı damlasertleştirici ilaçlarcialis fiyatviagra fiyatpenis büyütücükamagra jelgeciktirici spreycialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgviagra 30 luen iyi penis sertleştirici ilaçsertleştirici haplarelazığ escort bayanhasta yataklarıkent switch fiyatKeno Club Sigaraparliament aqua bluemarlboro double fusionGauloises Sigarakent switchdjarum blackLeader SigaraAnadolu yakası escortAtaşehir escortBostancı escortErenköy Escortavrupa yakası escortAtaköy EscortAvcılar EscortBahçeşehir Escortözel escortlaranal escortçıtır escortelit escortAnadolu Yakası escortAtaşehir escortbağdat caddesi escortBostancı escortGöztepe Escortİstanbul EscortKadıköy EscortKartal EscortKurtköy EscortMaltepe EscortPendik EscortŞerifali EscortTuzla EscortÜmraniye escortÜsküdar EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortAtaşehir escortBostancı EscortGöztepe EscortAvrupa Yakası EscortAksaray escortAtaköy EscortAvcılar Escortİstanbul EscortAtaşehir Elit EscortAtaşehir Esmer EscortAtaşehir Genç EscortAtaşehir Olgun EscortAtaşehir Sarışın EscortAtaşehir Şişman EscortAtaşehir Sınırsız EscortAtaşehir Ucuz EscortAtaşehir Yabancı EscortAteşehir Escort BayanBağdat Caddesi EscortBağdat Caddesi Olgun EscortBağdat Caddesi Sarışın EscortBağdat Caddesi Şişman EscortBağdat Caddesi Ucuz EscortBağdat Caddesi Yabancı EscortBostancı Elit EscortBostancı Çıtır EscortBostancı EscortBostancı Esmer EscortBostancı Olgun EscortBostancı Sarışın EscortBostancı Yabancı EscortGöztepe EscortGöztepe Genç EscortGöztepe Olgun EscortGöztepe Şişman EscortGöztepe Sınırsız EscortGöztepe Ucuz EscortKadıköy Anal EscortKadıköy Elit EscortKadıköy EscortKadıköy Eskort BayanlarKadıköy Genç EscortKadıköy Yabancı EscortKartal Çıtır EscortKartal EscortKartal Eskort BayanlarKartal Esmer EscortKartal Sarışın EscortKartal Sınırsız EscortKartal Ucuz EscortKaynarca EscortKaynarca Genç EscortKaynarca Olgun EscortKaynarca Şişman EscortKurtköy EscortKurtköy Escort BayanKurtköy Ucuz EscortKurtköy Yabancı Escort BayanMaltepe Anal EscortMaltepe EscortMaltepe Genç EscortMaltepe Olgun EscortMaltepe Şişman EscortPendik EskortPendik Eskort BayanlarPendik Sarışın EscortPendik Şişman EscortPendik Sınırsız EscortPendik Ucuz EscortTuzla Anal EscortTuzla Elit EscortTuzla EscortTuzla Yabancı EscortÜmraniye EscortÜmraniye Masöz EscortÜmraniye Olgun EscortÜmraniye Ucuz Escortepoksi zeminepoksi zemin kaplamaepoksi yol çizgisişişli escortAcıbadem Escortİçerenköy EscortKozyatağı EscortKüçükyalı EscortKadıköy EscortKartal EscortMaltepe EscortPendik EscortKurtköy EscortŞerifali EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortKadıköy EscortAtaşehir EscortBostancı EscortAtaşehir EscortKadıköy EscortKurtköy EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortAtaşehir EscortBostancı EscortKadıköy EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortKadıköy EscortAtaşehir EscortBostancı EscortMaltepe EscortGöztepe EscortPendik EscortErenköy EscortGöztepe EscortSuadiye EscortGöztepe EscortMaltepe EscortŞerifali EscortKartal EscortKurtköy EscortPendik EscortKurtköy EscortPendik EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortKartal EscortMaltepe EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortKartal Escort BayanKurtköy Escort BayanMaltepe Escort BayanPendik Escort BayanAnadolu Yakası EscortKartal EscortKurtköy EscortMaltepe EscortPendik EscortTuzla EscortKurtköy EscortPendik EscortTuzla EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortMaltepe EscortKartal EscortBostancı EscortÜmraniye EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortKadıköy EscortAtaşehir EscortTuzla EscortGebze EscortAydınlı EscortMutlukent EscortPendik EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortKurtköy EscortÜmraniye EscortBostancı EscortKartal Escort BayanPendik Escort BayanKurtköy Escort BayanMaltepe EscortAnadolu Yakası EscortBostancı EscortKartal EscortMaltepe EscortÜmraniye Escortbağdat caddesi escortgöztepe escortistanbul escortkartal escortkurtköy escortmaltepe escortpendik escorttuzla escortüsküdar escortataköy escortavcılar escort bayanavrupa yakası escortbahçeşehir escortbakırköy escortbeşiktaş escortbeylikdüzü escorterenköy escortetiler escortgöztepe escortikitelli escortkartal escortkurtköy escortmaltepe escortmecidiyeköy escortpendik escortşirinevler escortşişli escortsoğanlık escortataşehir escortkaynarca escortümraniye escortgebze escorttuzla escortavrupa yakası escortavrupa yakası escortavrupa yakası escortavrupa yakası escortavrupa yakası escortavrupa yakası escortavrupa yakası escortavrupa yakası escortavrupa yakası escortatalar escortcevizli escortescort bayanmaltepe escortbeylikdüzü escortavcılar escortesenyurt escortbahçeşehir escortşirinevler escortataköy escortbeylikduzuescortev.comescort beylikdüzüWhatsapp aerobeylikdüzü eskortbahariye escortmoda escortsex hikayeleriadana escortadıyaman escortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortamasya escortankara escortantalya escortantep escortardahan escortartvin escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt 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escortvega 100 mg hapseofuck googledolandırıcı hesap satışıviagrabacklink almetin2 pvppvp metin2metin2emek serveradana escortadana escortanadolu yakasi escortpendik escortistanbul escort