Bağımsız Güncel Son Dakika Haber Sitesi

Apartments Built on an Assembly Line

What if housing was built more like cars — on an assembly line in a factory? Rick Holliday thinks it should be. The longtime Bay Area developer …

Apartments Built on an Assembly Line

What if housing was built more like cars — on an assembly line in a factory?

Rick Holliday thinks it should be. The longtime Bay Area developer turned a former Naval submarine factory into one that has been doing exactly that. Workers at Factory OS construct apartment building components on Mare Island in Vallejo, Calif., about 40 miles from San Francisco, then transport them on flatbed trucks to their final location. “By the end of the process it goes out the door and it’s a fully formed apartment that you put together like Legos to form a completed building.”

The process can cut the time it takes to build an apartment building in half, to roughly only 11 to 12 months, he said, with multiple parts of construction taking place at once in a controlled environment, which means fewer delays and a more streamlined process in general.

Mr. Holliday, who co-founded the factory with Larry Pace, said doing it this way, versus constructing a building on site, also cuts costs by as much as 30 percent. In the Bay Area, where the price of building a single affordable housing unit is close to $1 million, it can mean the difference between a developer building an apartment or not.

The factory employs hundreds of workers who build apartments using a 33-step process.Credit…Matthew Millman

“I got into the industry at 26 and building is no different than when I started,” said Mr. Holliday, 68. “If we don’t take a different approach to building, we’re not going to get anywhere.” So far, Factory OS has completed 10 buildings for a total of roughly 1,200 units in Northern California and gotten financial backing from tech companies like Google, Autodesk and Facebook.

A year and a half after opening its doors, the pandemic hit. Even as demand for housing accelerated, construction stalled. Prices skyrocketed for crucial materials like lumber, even further increasing the cost to build and worsening California’s affordability crisis, particularly in the already pricey Bay Area, where the median price for a single-family home now tops $1 million. Nationally, home prices were up a record 18 percent in July over the same month last year, according to data from CoreLogic.

Mr. Holliday said the upshot is that more developers in this staid, traditional industry have been willing to experiment in an attempt to cut costs and get projects done quickly. As a result: “We’ve been flooded with work.” Factory OS has expanded to add a second factory right behind the first. The company has 24 more projects in the pipeline and is planning to open a third factory in Los Angeles in the next two years to meet demand in Southern California.

The Union, in West Oakland, is one of 10 completed projects built so far at Factory OS.Credit…Matthew Millman

They aren’t the only company trying to change how homes are built.IndieDwell, a three-year-old start-up based in Idaho, builds prefab, factory-built multifamily buildings, single-family homes and emergency housing. And there’s Blokable, a Sacramento-based company launched in 2016 to build and develop factory-built multifamily buildings. (Factory OS generally works with developers as customers, as opposed to developing and owning the buildings themselves.)

Stonly Blue, a San Francisco-based venture capitalist and an investor in Blokable, said a combination of factors from climate change to labor shortages have finally piqued the tech world’s interest in construction innovation. “The focus in recent decades has been software,” he said. “It’s slowly incrementing back to hardware and there’s nothing bigger and harder than buildings.”

Still, modular building is a concept that many have tried to innovate and failed at. Pulte Homes, one of the nation’s largest homebuilders, opened a prefab plant in the mid-2000s and then closed it in 2007 when the housing bubble burst. Katerra, a high-profile Silicon Valley-based prefab construction start-up that expanded very quickly and broadly, declared bankruptcy earlier this year. The company, which had factories in California, Washington and India, launched in 2015 and had $2 billion in funding and received a $200 million SoftBank cash infusion to try to save the business in December 2020.

Unlike at a traditional construction site, apartments built at the factory can be lifted and rotated to make them easier to work on.Credit…Matthew Millman

“I have total confidence that this is the way forward, but it’s really hard to get right,” said Randy Miller, a co-founder of RAD Urban, a Bay Area-based modular construction company that went out of business earlier this year.

To begin with, setting up a factory isn’t cheap, and the challenges are numerous. Unlike general contractors, who have low fixed costs, modular builders have to continue to pay to operate a factory even when business slows down and during lulls in between projects. “You can’t just flip a switch and turn on a factory,” said Mr. Miller, who plans to launch another modular building company soon.

Factory OS’s approach is a 33-step process and, much like building a car, it starts with the chassis, or the underneath part of the apartment block, which is filled with pipes and ducts for plumbing and electrical work.On a recent morning, at least a hundred workers wearing hard hats and masks hammered and sanded away at several long, narrow shells of apartments laid lengthwise like railroad cars. (The factory is roughly the length of three football fields.) It was a loud and dusty scene, but also orderly and efficient.

Some workers fit piping underneath a boxlike structure raised up on a rack so they could more easily reach low areas than at a typical construction site, where they would have to crouch underneath. Nearby, there werearms that could rotate the structures for easy access as well. On another side of the factory, neatly arranged components — from tubing to insulation to kitchen cabinets — sat on shelves. It looked like a very specific Home Depot display.

Another image of the Union, an apartment building in West Oakland. Factory OS has been so busy in the last three to five months they’ve had to turn away business in market-rate and luxury apartments.Credit…Matthew Millman

Factory OS is primarily focused on affordable housing — about 80 percent of what has been built here ranges from housing for the previously homeless to below-market-rate apartments for lower income workers, artists and students. The company takes on a handful of market rate and luxury projects too, but in the past three to five months, there has been so much demand that Mr. Holliday said he has had to turn away business.

Toward Factory OS’s entrance, a completed model apartment unit stood like a large box visitors could walk inside. The 25-foot by 12-foot studio had sturdy vinyl flooring, a two-burner stove, built-in kitchen cabinets and a stainless steel fridge. Behind a farmhouse-style sliding door there was a decent-sized bathroom. A gray Ikea couch in the living room could convert to a bed.

Mr. Holliday explained that the unit was similar to ones they built in a complex in Oakland to house previously homeless tenants. Two of these apartments plus the hallway space between them can travel on the same truck.

Mr. Holliday said one of his big challenges is finding enough workers to meet demand. “The labor force for building housing is shrinking,” he said. His solution? Hire and train people who may not otherwise find employment. About half of Factory OS’s unionized employees are “second chance” workers, including about 20 percent who have served time in prison.

Apartments laid end to end in the factory, which is roughly the length of three football fields. Credit…Matthew Millman

The pandemic has also exposed another downside of factory construction: Workers are in relatively close contact indoors. Factory OS now has a requirement that all employees get vaccinated by the end of September.

Though building facades can be customized, floor plans in factory-built homes need to be uniform. Every studio apartment, for example, needs to have the same layout to maximize efficiency in modular building. Mr. Holliday said he didn’t think that should stand in the way of building the housing we need, comparing the innovation of modular housing to the suburban standardization in Levittown, N.Y., which kicked off the construction of many of America’s suburbs to house young families after World War II. “We’ve allowed the design of buildings to get too complicated,” he said.

In the near future, the goal is to further streamline the process by creating even more standardized floor plans and designs that developer clients could basically pick from a catalog. Factory OS has partnered with Autodesk, a company that makes software for engineers and architects, to make interactive building plans that could guide workers as they go along, almost like a Google Maps version of an architectural drawing. It would also layer data findings from previous projects to maximize efficiency.

To avoid the fate of companies that have expanded too quickly, Mr. Holliday said he planned to keep his business a West Coastoperation. “My hope is that we become a stimulant for the industry,” Mr. Holliday said. “Not that we set up a lot of factories ourselves.”

For weekly email updates on residential real estate news, sign up here. Follow us on Twitter: @nytrealestate.

BU KONUYU SOSYAL MEDYA HESAPLARINDA PAYLAŞ
ZİYARETÇİ YORUMLARI

Henüz yorum yapılmamış. İlk yorumu aşağıdaki form aracılığıyla siz yapabilirsiniz.

BİR YORUM YAZ
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hzlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell
backlinkbacklink alwso shellseoankara escortucuz sigarafree shopcamel sigaracaptain blackdjarum blackCavallo SigaraDunhill SigaraHarvest SigaraMarvel sigaraSenator sigaraAl Capone SigaraOme SigaraMarlboro Double FusionMarlboro ShuffleMarlboro TouchMarlboro RedMarlboro TouchMarlboro Edge SlimMarlboro Touch Bluecaptain blackgörükle escortyalova escorthacklink satışhacklinksite analizseo analizhacklink alhacklink nedirbacklinkmini shellmadspot shellwso shell txtBase 64 Encodealfa shellIndoxploit shellindoxploit shellb374k shellphp Mailleradana escortadana escortsohbet numaralarıcialis fiyatcialis 20 mgcialis 5 mgcialis 100 mgcialis satışcialis jelcialis siparişcialiscialis nedirviagra fiyatviagra 100 mg fiyatviagraviagra fiyatviagra nedircialis fiyatıcialis jelcialiscialis 5 mgcialis 20 mgcialis 100mggeciktirici spreygeciktiricistag 9000liftanovagravigrandeorcafilflynta 20 mgcombo 100 mgsildegravigrandejeligrasinegralifta 5 mglifta 20 mgdegraviagra 100 mgviagra fiyatıviagra nedirviagra siparişcinsel hastalıklarkamagra jelankara escortmersin escortizmir escortantalya escortadana escortBursa Escortdenizli escortdiyarbakır escorteskişehir escortgaziantep escortistanbul escortkayseri escortkocaeli escortkonya escortkütahya escortmalatya escortsakarya escortsamsun escortsivas escorttekirdağ escorttrabzon escorturfa escortvan escortbodrum escortmarmaris escortfethiye escortkuşadası escortçeşme escortdidim escortbuca escortbornova escortkarşıyaka escortkonak escortalsancak escortaliağa escortgöztepe escortgaziemir escortkarabağlar escortesenyurt escortbeşiktaş escorttuzla escortfatih escortpendik escortbeylikdüzü escortgaziosmanpaşa escortkartal escortbağcılar escortsilivri escortümraniye escortmaltepe escortbeyoğlu escortbahçelievler escortbaşakşehir escortbahçeşehir escortesenler escortüsküdar escortkadıköy escortşişli escortmecidiyeköy escortsarıyer escorttaksim escortetiler escortbebek escortataşehir escortbakırköy escortzeytinburnu escorteyüp escortavcılar escortbüyükçekmece escortkurtköy escortşirinevler escortbayrampaşa escortkasımpaşa escortescortbacklink salesFile Manager shellb374k shellk2ll33d shellBypass shellMadspot shellbedava bonus1xbet girişdert hattıdert hattısohbet hattımersin escortgaziantep escortbedava bonusgaziantep escortGoogle Sıra Bulucupubg hile alSobranie Sigaracaptain blackdjarum blackmarlboro double fusionmarlboro touch blueCavallo Sync MentollüParliament Night Bluewinston dark bluewinston slender bluekent switchkent d range bluecaptain blackmarmaris escortmarvel sigarawinston dark blue fiyatwinston slender bluemarlboro touchparliament night blue fiyatcaptain blackmarlboro double fusionolmeca tekila fiyatdjarum blackheets sigaraparliament reservemonte cristo habanacamel sigarakent switch fiyatlucky strikefree shopmarlboro touch blue fiyatmarlboro double fusionmarlboro goldharvest sigarar57 shellalfa shellcaptain blackmarvel sigarawinston dark bluemarlboro touch blueparliament night blue fiyatcavallo sigaramarlboro double fusionlm sigaraadana escortparliament night blue fiyatafyon escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortbolu escortçanakkale escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzurum escorthatay escortısparta escortmanisa escortmaraş escortmardin escortmuğla escortmuş escortrize escorttunceli escortuşak escortyozgat escorttokat escortzonguldak escortaksaray escortyalova escortağrı escortamasya escortalanya escortmanavgat escortankara escortantalya escortbursa escortdenizli escortdiyarbakır escorteskişehir escortgaziantep escortistanbul escortizmir escortkayseri escortkocaeli escortkonya escortkütahya escortmalatya escortmersin escortsakarya escortsamsun escortsivas escorttekirdağ escorttrabzon escorturfa escortvan escortmarmaris escortbodrum escortfethiye escortkuşadası escortçeşme escortdidim escortbuca escortbornova escortkarşıyaka escortkonak escortalsancak escortaliağa escortgaziemir escortkarabağlar escortesenyurt escortbeşiktaş escorttuzla escortfatih escortpendik escortbeylikdüzü escortgaziosmanpaşa escortkartal escortbağcılar escortsilivri escortümraniye escortmaltepe escortbeyoğlu escortbahçelievler escortbaşakşehir escortbahçeşehir escortesenler escortüsküdar escortkadıköy escortşişli escortmecidiyeköy escortsarıyer escorttaksim escortetiler escortbebek escortataşehir escortbakırköy escortzeytinburnu escorteyüp escortavcılar escortbüyükçekmece escortkurtköy escortşirinevler escortbayrampaşa escorthalkalı escortafyon escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortbolu escortçanakkale escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzurum escorthatay escortısparta escortmanisa escortmaraş escortmardin escortmuğla escortmuş escortrize escorttunceli escortuşak escortyozgat escorttokat escortzonguldak escortaksaray escortyalova escortağrı escortamasya escortalanya escortmanavgat escortsincan escortwso shellwso green shelldenizli dil konusma terapistidenizli dil konusmayalova escortşişli bayan escortşişli escortistanbul escortgörükle escortistanbul escortmecidiyeköy escortşişli escortkurtköy escortsosyal ablagaziantep escortlarısohbet hattısohbet hatlarısohbet numaralarıkent d range blueMelbetpendik escortcamel sigaraparliament night blue fiyatvotka fiyatlarımarlboro double fusionviagra fiyatcaptain blackçam balı faydalarıçam balı nedirtuzla escortaydınlı escortorhanlı escorttepeoren escortyalova escortbursa escortgorukle escortbursa escort bayanbursa sinirsiz escortbursa escortescort bayanaltiparmak escortnilüfer escortotele gelen escortbursa merkez escortbursa merkez escortbursa escortescort bayanaltiparmak escortbursa eve gelen escortbursa otele gelen escortbursa sınırsız escortgörükle escortescort bursatuzla escorttuzla escort bayanwhmcs killer v4bodrum escortbodrum escortbodrum escortbayrampaşa escortbeşiktaş escortçağlayan escorttaksim escortbakırköy escortistanbul escortgüngören escortkasımpaşa escortkaynarca escortesenyurt escortistanbul escortacıbadem escortadalar escortadapazarı escortalibeyköy escortaltınşehir escortanadoluhisarı escortanal escortarnavutköy escortatakent escortbahariye escortbahçeköy escortbahçelievler escortbalmumcu escortbaşakşehir escortantalya escort bayanbebek escortbebek escortataşehir escortbeyazıt escortbeykoy escortbeyoğlu escortbomonti escortbüyükdere escortcaddebostan escortçapa escortçengelköy escortcevizlibağ escortcihangir escortçubuklu escortdragos escortedirnekapı escortkurtköy escorteminönü escortankara escortavcılar escortgebze escorthalkalı escortşişli escorteve gelen escorteyüp escortfenerbahçe escortfeneryolu escortfikirtepe escortfındıklı escortfındıkzade escortflorya escortfulya escortgalata escortgrup escortgulhane escortgulsuyu escortharbiye escortharem escortharem escorthasanpaşa escortincirli escortıspartakule escortistanbul escortistanbul escortkabataş escortdjarum blackolimpbet kzmarlboro double fusionlifta 20 mglifta 5 mgdegraorcafilviagra hapviagra siparişviagra fiyatıviagra satışviagraeczacıbaşı viagra fiyatlarıviagra siparişviagra fiyatıdjarum blackyalova escortçınarcık escortsertleştirici hap çeşitlerisertleştirici hap yorumlarıeczanede satılan cinsel güç ilaçlarısertleştirici hap isimlericinsel hap isimlericinsel gücü artıran ilaçlarpenis sertleştirici hap çeşitlericinsel güç artırıcı ilaç isimleriereksiyon hapı isimlerisertleştirici ilaç isimlerişişme bebek çeşitlericinsel güç arttırıcı hap isimlerieczanede satılan cinsel ilaç isimlerien iyi performans arttırıcı ilaç isimleripenis serleştirici haplarbayan istek arttırıcı damla çeşitleribayan azdırıcı hap çeşitlericinsel güç arttırıcı hap çeşitleridjarum blacksertleştirici hap markalarıpenis sertleştirici ilaç çeşitlerisertleşmeye en iyi ilaçcinsel ilaç isimlerierkek cinsel gücü arttırıcı ilaç çeşitlericaptain blackcinsel gücü artıran ilaç fiyatlarıcinsel güç arttırıcı ilaç yorumlarıeczanede satılan cinsel gücü arttıran ilaç isimleriereksiyon sağlayıcı ilaç çeşitlericinsel güç arttırıcı ilaçcinsel gücü arttıran ilaç markalarıen iyi geciktirici hap isimlerien iyi geciktirici sprey çeşitlerimarlboro double fusioncamel sigaracinsel gücü artıran ilaç incelemeleridjarum blacksertleşmeye iyi gelen ilaç isimlerimarlboro goldeczanede satılan viagrawinston lightwinston dark bluecialis resmi satış sitesiMarlboro Touch Graycinsel güç arttırıcı macunvega 100 mg hapcaptain black bluenovagra geciktirici hapolmeca tekilaeczane cialis fiyatıBackwoods Islak Purocialis satın alerkek azdırıcı damlaviagra satış fiyatıerkek azdırıcı hap isimleriwinston dark blue fiyatiçmeler escorttepeören escortaydınlı escortorhanlı escortyalova escortfree shopsex hikayependik escortyalova escortgörükle escortçınarcık escortkartal escorttuzla escortpendik escortmaltepe escortbostancı escortataşehir escortdjarum blackabana haberagrı habertunceli haberafyon haberescortescortescortescortescortescortescortescortescortkartal escortşişli escortşişli escort bayankurtkoy escorttuzla escortsoundtracker.fmsoundtracker.fmsoundtracker.fmsoundtracker.fmsoundtracker.fm/bnsoundtracker.fm/en/mecidiyeköy escortEn İyi Geciktirici Hap İsimleri ve ÇeşitleriCinsel Gücü Artıran Macun İsimlerikent slim blackchivas regalyeşil perişişli bayan escortsisli bayan escortşişli bayan escortsisli bayan escortsincan eescortKolej escortDikmen escortBalgat escortÇankaya escortCebeci escortDemetevler escortKızılay escortKeçiören escortEtlik escortEtimesgut escortEryaman escortYenimahalle escortOtele gelen escortRus escortankara rus escortAnkara escortEtlik escortKeçiören escortAnkara escortAnkara escortEryaman escortAnkara escortÇankaya escortkartal escortmersin escortbedava bonus veren bahis siteleriBalgat escortBeşevler escortÇankaya escortCebeci escortDikmen escortDemetevler escortEryaman escortEtimesgut escortEtlik escortKeçiören escortKızılay escortKolej escortMaltepe escortOtele gelen escortRus escortYenimahalle escortDikmen escortElvankent escortSincan escortşişli escortistanbul escort bayanmecidiyeköy escortbetwinnerçorumsporslotticasoundtracker.fm/bn/melbet-casino/teknoloji haberlerihaberlerson dakika haberleriekonomi haberlerihaberlerpendik escortkurtkoy escorttuzla escortslottywaymostbet saytiantalya escortmostbetlondon escortsescorts agencyescorts in londonlondon escort girlsbetwinnerSex hikayeSeks HikayeleriEnsest hikayeleradana escortadıyaman escortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortamasya escortankara escortantalya escortantep escortardahan escortartvin escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortSeks erotik hikayeSikiş hikayeleribayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakır escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escorteskişehir escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthakkari escorthatay escortığdır escortısparta escortistanbul escortizmir escortizmit escortkarabük escortkaraman escortkars escortkastamonu escortkayseri escortkıbrıs escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortkütahya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmaraş escortmardin escortmersin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsakarya escortsamsun escortsiirt escortsinop escortşırnak escortsivas escorttekirdağ escorttokat escorttrabzon escorttunceli escortzonguldak escorturfa escortuşak escortvan escortyalova escortyozgat escortacarkent escortmostbetuz.livemoda escortkaynarca escortatalar escortcevizli escortmaltepe escortistanbul escortviagra eczane satışcialis eczane satışpenis sertleştirici hap isimleri ve çeşitleripenis sertleştirici cinsel haplarbursa escortbursa escortgorukle escortşişli escortşişli rus escortşişli iranlı escortşişli escortnilüfer escortyalova escortyalova escortyalova escort bayankurtuluş escortseobridge istanbulkapı doktorufotoselli kapıdöner kapıepoksiCinsel Sağlık ÜrünleriKamagra jelCialis fiyatvega 100 mgViagra fiyatViagra fiyat 2022Cinsel ilaçlarCinsel sağlık ilaçlarıVega 100 mg fiyatVega 100 mgCialis fiyatCialis 5 mg fiyatCialis 20 mg fiyatKamagra jelViagra fiyatkamagra jelCialis 100 mg fiyatcialis fiyatcobra 130 mgViagra eczaneCialis eczaneKamagra jel eczanelevitra fiyatVega 100 mg eczaneCinsel performans artırıcı ilaçlarBayan azdırıcı damlaGeciktirici spreyviagra fiyatviagra satışcinsel sağlık ürünlericinsel eczaneonline eczanecinsel ilaçlarzayıflamakamagraviagrapenis büyütmeViagra 30 lu fiyatOrijinal viagraViagra 4 lü tablet fiyaterken boşalma tedaviOrijinal viagra 4 lü fiyatKamagra jel fiyatereksiyon haplarıKamagra 100 mg tabletkadın azdırıcıafrodizyak parfümlerCialis 5 mg 28 tabletEreksiyon haplarıCobra 130 mg kırmızı tabletcialis eczanesertleştirici haplar eczanebayan azdırıcı fiyatkadın azdırıcı damlasertleştirici ilaçlarcialis fiyatviagra fiyatBayan azdırıcı eczanepenis büyütücüCinsel güç artırıcı ilaçlar eczaneKamagra jel 7 li paketkamagra jel satışgeciktirici sprey fiyatViagra 30 lu tabletKamagra jel yorumlarıbayan azdırıcılarerkek azdırıcıLevitra fiyatgeciktirici spreyLevitra 20 mg fiyatcialis siparişLady era bayan viagrası azdırıcı hapviagra eczaneVega 100 mg eczanebayan azdırıcı eczaneistek arttırıcı damlaLady era bayan azdırıcı damlacinsel güç arttırıcı ilaçlareczanelerde satılan geciktiricilerKamagrakamagra fiyatçin topuCinsel ürünlercialis satışVega 30 lu tabletorjinal viagraViagra 30 tabletEczanelerde satılan geciktiricilerAfrodizyak etkili azdırıcı parfümlercialis 5 mgviagra 30 lu fiyatViagra 100 mg fiyat 4 lüCialis 100 mg 30 luviagra 4 lü tabletcialis 4 lü tabletviagra 30 lu tabletcialis 100 mgcialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgcinsel eczanependik escortepoksi zemin kaplamasertleştirici hap eczanecinsel güç arttırıcı sertleştirici happenis sertleştirici ilaç ve haplarpenis sertleştirici cinsel hapeczanelerde satılan cinsel gücü artıran ilaçcialis satışı ve siparişibridge istanbulhasta yatağıdenizli konusma bozukluguMagic london escortsindependent london escortsDubai hot escortEscort girl dubaişişli escortşişli escort bayanyalova escortyalova escort bayanviagracialis 20 mg eczane fiyatıcialis 5 mg fiyatbayan azdırıcıbayan istek arttırıcılady erabayan azdırıcı damlabayan istek arttırıcı damlaviagrakalbe zarar vermeyen sertleştiriciviagracialis fiyatcialis fiyatıcialis fiyatlarıcialis satışcialis siparişcialis satın alcialis 100 mgcialis 5 mgcialiscialis 20 mgcialis jelviagra fiyatviagra fiyatıviagra satışviagra siparişviagraviagra 100 mgviagra kremviagra kremviagra satın almecidiyeköy escortataköy escortavcılar escortbakırköy escortesenyurt escortşişli escorttaksim escortbeşiktaş escortşişli escortmecidiyeköy escortesenyurt escortbeylikdüzü escortbaşakşehir escorttaksim escortavcılar escorthalkalı escorttorba escortbodrum escortizmir escortakyarlar escortbitez escortgümbet escortgündoğan escortkonacık escortortakent escortturgutreis escortyalıkavak escortyalova escortyalova otele gelen escortyalova eve gelen escortaksaray escortatakent escortataköy escortataköy eve gelen escortataköy masöz escortataköy-otele-gelen-escortataköy rus escortataköy türbanlı escortataköy ucuz escortataköy üniversiteli escortataşehir escortavcılar escortavcılar eve gelen escortavcılar masöz escortavcılar otele gelen escortavcılar rus escortavcılar türbanlı escortavcılar ucuz escortavcılar üniversiteli escortavrupa yakası escortbağdat caddesi escortbahçelievler escortbahçesehir escortbakırköy üniversiteli escortbakırköy escortbakırköy eve gelen escortbakırköy masöz escortbakırköy otele gelen escortbakırköy rus escortbakırköy türbanlı escortbakırköy ucuz escortbaşakşehir escortbeşiktaş escortbeşyol escortbeykent escortbeylikdüzü escortbeylikdüzü eve gelen escortbeylikdüzü masöz escortbeylikdüzü otele gelen escortbeylikdüzü rus escortbeylikdüzü türbanlı escortbeylikdüzüucuz escortbeylikdüzü üniversiteli escortbeyoğlu escortbizimkent escortbostancı escortbüyükcekmece escortesenyurt escortesenyurt eve gelen escortesenyurt otele gelen escortesenyurt rus escortesenyurt turbanlı escortesenyurt ucuz escortesenyurt üniversiteli escortetiler escorteve gelen escortfatih escorthalkalı escorthalkalı eve gelen escorthalkalı masöz escorthalkalı otele gelen escorthalkalı rus escorthalkalı türbanlı escorthalkalı ucuz escorthalkalı üniversiteli escortharamidere escortinnovia escortistanbul escortkadıköy escortkağıthane escortkartal escortküçükçekmece escortmaltepe escortmecidiyeköy escortmerter escortotele gelen escortpendik escortrus escortsarıyer escortsefaköy escortsilivri escortşirinevler escortşirinevler türbanlışirinevler ucuzşişli escortsınırsız escorttaksim escorttesettürlü escorttopkapı escorttürbanlı escorttüyap escortucuz escortümraniye escortüniversiteli öğrenci escortyabancı escortyenibosna escortzeytinburnu escortsmm panelgaziantep escortmersin escortpostegropostegroweb postegroweb postegropostegro lilialanya escortbodrum escortdidim escortfethiye escortkuşadası escortmanavgat escortmarmaris escortLondon escortseczane sertleşme haplarıyapay kızlık zarıkaynarca escortatalar escortcevizli escortescort sitesi açmakgümüşlük escortgündoğan escortEscorts İn BodrumBodrum Bayan Escortgüvercinlik escorttürkbükü escortpostegropostegroweb postegropostegropendik escortizmit escortkocaeli escortizmit escortkocaeli escortgebze escortgölcük escortdarica escortizmit otele gelen escortizmit eve gelen escortkocaeli evi olan escortotele gelen escortizmit sınırsız escortcialis 20 mg fiyatcialis 100 mg fiyatcialis 5 mg fiyatcialis 5 mg fiyatviagra 100 mg fiyatviagra satış fiyatcialis satış fiyatcialis fiyatcialis fiyatlarıcialis satışcialis 100 mgcialis 5 mgcialis 20 mgcialis 5 mg fiyatcialisviagra fiyatlarıcialis fiyat eczanepostegropostegrocinsel hastalıklarereksiyon sorunu