Bağımsız Güncel Son Dakika Haber Sitesi

Wooing Newcomers to ‘NASCAR Nation’

When the checkered flag drops at NASCAR’s Cup Series Championship on Nov. 7 in Phoenix, it will end a season, and an era. It is the last race for …

Wooing Newcomers to ‘NASCAR Nation’

When the checkered flag drops at NASCAR’s Cup Series Championship on Nov. 7 in Phoenix, it will end a season, and an era.

It is the last race for NASCAR’s sixth-generation car, which will be replaced in 2022 with Next Gen, a racecar tasked with something more than just going fast. It is being counted on to change NASCAR’s fortunes, to bring back classic stock car thrills and reverse more than a decade of fan attrition. It’s also being counted on to change NASCAR’s culture, to attract racially diverse team owners and team members and the younger multicultural fans that advertisers crave.

“We’ve made no bones about we want to attract some new fans and new teams, and that starts with the car,” said John Probst, NASCAR’s senior vice president for racing innovation.

But to attract that young, diverse audience, NASCAR must reckon with its past. It’s an open question how much a car can do to assuage a troubling history of discrimination. “NASCAR is doing some things, but they need to do more,” said Bill Lester, who in 1999 became one of the few African-American drivers in NASCAR, and said he was still uncomfortable at some tracks: “At Talladega? Shoot. At Martinsville, Virginia? I was sweating.”

The league is in a difficult position. Its economic clout grew out of its appeal to white working-class fans. For decades, it fostered an outlaw image true to its roots of good ol’ boy moonshiners outrunning the law in hopped-up coupes. By the 1990s, the largely white, right-leaning audience became an economic and political force known as “NASCAR Nation,” valued as the most brand-loyal consumers in sports. But fans warmly nostalgic for Old Dixie are aging out. The young, diverse spectators whom sponsors now want don’t get misty-eyed at the raising of the Confederate flag, which the league banned last year.

NASCAR’s challenge is to appeal to a new audience without alienating an old one, even as it seeks to distance itself from some of what that old audience held dear. The league’s strategy is all rolled up into Next Gen — to pay homage to the past and outrun it at the same time. Honoring the past, it looks like a stock vehicle to “put the ‘stock’ back in stockcar,” as NASCAR likes to say. Anticipating for the future, it can be converted to electric power.

Billions ride on the plan. NASCAR is due to enter negotiations for its broadcast rights, which previously brought an estimated $8 billion over 10 years. Delivering diverse viewers becomes a multibillion-dollar marketing imperative.

When NASCAR racing resumes next year, it will have a new car on the tracks, and it is banking on the car doing more than just going fast.Credit…Grant Halverson/Getty Images

Parts of Next Gen should appeal to audiences both old and new.

Even devoted fans sometimes griped that racing had grown dull, partly owing to the cars. In response to the crash that killed the racing legend Dale Earnhardt in 2001, NASCAR developed the fifth-generation “car of the future” with an eye toward safety. Tony Stewart, a star driver, called it “the flying brick,” in part for its generic appearance. The next car, Gen 6, looked more like a street car but was more costly than Gen 5, meaning fewer teams could afford winning cars. The leaders would get out front early and stay out front. Fans yawned.

Next Gen addresses these problems in a couple of ways. First, the cars look more like stock street cars, recalling a time when rules said that manufacturers had to sell the public at least 500 of a particular car for it to qualify it for racing. Manufacturers say fans bond closely with a brand the more its racecar resembles what’s in the driveway. “Making that emotional connection is important to the marketing side,” said Rob Johnston, the marketing manager for Global Ford Performance.

Next Gen will also more mechanically resemble street cars. NASCAR is replacing arcane technology, like an antiquated solid axle rear suspension with the independent rear suspension of modern cars. The recirculating ball steering is replaced with rack-and-pinion, and 15-inch wheels have been swapped for 18-inchers.

A NASCAR Next Gen in a test drive at Charlotte Motor Speedway in Concord, N.C.Credit…Bob Leverone/Getty Images

Fans like to see aggressive contact between cars, which Next Gen is made to absorb. “The composite body is built to take a lot more abuse, so from the bumpin’ and bangin’, the car should withstand a lot more,” Mr. Probst said. Other changes should increase passing ability, which will be viewed from more in-car cameras. New sensors will generate more statistics to obsess fans.

But part of Next Gen’s task is to change NASCAR’s culture. That will come from lowering costs, which the league says will allow for new owners.

Teams will be limited to a seven-car fleet. Previously, with different cars for each kind of track — dirt track, short oval, road course — some teams were said to have more than 40 cars. And each team manufactured its own parts. The Next Gen cars will all get most of their parts, from chassis to gas tanks, from the same specified shops. NASCAR said bulk buying should reduce costs, although some teams question that.

But not Justin Marks, an owner of the Trackhouse team, who estimates Next Gen should reduce the ownership cost by “25 to 40 percent,” he said, helping to level the playing field. “As the sport grew in popularity in the mid-to-late ’90s, it attracted a lot of capital,” Mr. Marks said. “It became an engineering arms race.” Success was determined largely by how much money, tech and support the sponsors provided.

NASCAR said lowering costs also made it easier to attract new team owners, which increased diversity in management. To much fanfare, Michael Jordan formed 23XI Racing. Armando Pérez, better known as the entertainer Pitbull, joined Trackhouse. Notably, Mr. Jordan’s lead driver is Darrell Wallace Jr., who is known as Bubba and is the only Black driver in the Cup Series, and Pitbull’s Trackhouse lead driver is Daniel Suarez, the only Mexican-born competitor in the field. However, it may be hard to gauge how much the savings mean to someone like Mr. Jordan, whose net worth Forbes estimates at $1.6 billion.

Bubba Wallace after his victory at Talladega on Oct. 4, when he became only the second Black winner in NASCAR’s top series.Credit…Sean Gardner/Getty Images

Increased minority participation gives the league a new narrative that highlights inclusiveness. And narrative is very important to NASCAR.

Its research shows that storytelling is a top reason fans tune in, “whether that is the competition, or a wreck, or two cars fighting out for the lead week after week,” said Pete Jung, the chief marketing officer. NASCAR’s peak years featured rivalries that made great stories, like that of Dale Earnhardt and Jeff Gordon. Earnhardt, known as “the Intimidator,” represented the gritty, old-school racers in a duel against the clean-cut “Wonder Boy” Gordon.

Mr. Suarez’s role at Trackhouse influenced Chevrolet’s sponsorship decision, said Jim Campbell, Chevy’s U.S. vice president for performance and motorsports. “Chevrolet Silverado, for the Hispanic market, is the No. 1 pickup brand — that is something we are proud of,” he said. “It’s an important buyer base, just like all customers.”

If NASCAR’s Next Gen claims sound familiar, they should. NASCAR has called previous vehicle generations more carlike and said they would make racing more competitive. It has had celebrity owners before — the actor Burt Reynolds, the quarterback Brett Favre, and even the rapper Curtis Jackson, known as 50 Cent. NASCAR has expressed interest in a minority fan base for decades. Its Drive for Diversity program, founded in 2004 to develop minority talent, produced three prominent graduates, Mr. Suarez, Mr. Wallace and Kyle Larson.

“The driver diversity program has been around 17 years, and they have three people they point at,” said Mr. Lester. He acknowledged that the fault might be beyond NASCAR’s control. “I can only blame corporate America for not stepping up,” he said. “Racing is politics first, business second and racing third,” he added. “It’s draining, especially if you are of color, you are unique, which you think is a plus, but it’s not. It’s a curse. Driving ability is subordinate to the ability to raise money. Many of the best drivers are at home because they don’t have the checkbook to compete.”

“Racing is politics first, business second and racing third,” Bill Lester said.Credit…Sean Gardner/Getty Images

Nor can NASCAR dictate the culture in the stands. “I feel comfortable, but I don’t feel welcome,” said Jason Boykin, a fan and founder of the Black NASCAR Fans Facebook page. “It’s not NASCAR making me feel that way, it’s the fans. NASCAR is trying to make the sport feel like something else, but the fans aren’t there yet.” Mr. Boykin accepts that to attend a race he will have to thread past vulgar anti-Biden flags and people with anti-Kamala Harris T-shirts so offensive he wonders if they are custom-printed. “You know, OK, I won’t go over there and ask for a hot dog.” Nor would he wear a Black Lives Matters shirt: “I wouldn’t be comfortable wearing that there even though I believe in it.”

NASCAR has faced criticism over tacit racism for decades. In 2009, the N.A.A.C.P. called for a boycott over the Confederate flag. In 2015, Dale Earnhardt Jr. urged fans not to hoist the rebel flag, to little effect. Last year, the flag was finally prohibited after Mr. Wallace called for a ban.

What may be different now is that fans themselves appear poised for change. A June 2020 survey by the sports marketing advisers Performance Research measured attitudes toward social justice issues among 1,075 respondents, including 467 NASCAR fans. The Confederate flag ban was supported “somewhat” or “very much” by 60 percent of the general population, but by 80 percent of both African Americans and NASCAR fans.

“There is a net gain for progressive policies,” said Bill Doyle of Performance Research. “You are going to piss off some people, but you are going to gain people overall.”

NASCAR is hoping its Next Gen car will bring more diversity to its drivers and audience. Bubba Wallace is now the only Black driver in the Cup Series.Credit…Sean Gardner/Getty Images

Which is crucial as broadcast negotiations begin. NASCAR declines to discuss contracts, but the media tracking company Nielsen has reported that NASCAR viewership peaked with 8.3 million viewers in 2005 and steadily declined to 3.1 million in 2018, where it has held fairly steady.

NASCAR concedes that a car alone can’t change its fortunes. It is also reaching out by way of video gaming; wagering through Fox Bet; a social media platform that offers entertainments like virtual rides with drivers; and “second screen” entertainment that runs with the races.

The question is if that will do enough to align the interests of NASCAR, sponsors and fans.

“They realize their Southern confederate redneck fan base is tapped out,” Mr. Lester said. He added, “Banning the flag isn’t going to cause to Black people to come pouring in the gates.”

But even the skeptical Mr. Lester finds reason for optimism. He has worked with a group for a year on a project under wraps that “we think it will help move the needle in African-American participation in motor sports,” he said. “The different mind-set has let Bubba Wallace ask them to ban the flag. They were ready to hear it,” he said. “The time is right.”

BU KONUYU SOSYAL MEDYA HESAPLARINDA PAYLAŞ
ZİYARETÇİ YORUMLARI

Henüz yorum yapılmamış. İlk yorumu aşağıdaki form aracılığıyla siz yapabilirsiniz.

BİR YORUM YAZ
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell
hacklink satışbacklink satışsite analizseo analizseo araclarıbacklinkcialis jelcialis fiyatlifta 20 mgviagra satın alviagra 100 mg fiyatviagra siparişcialis 5 mg fiyatsertleştirici haplarlifta hapkayganlaştırıcıbayan azdırıcıpenis büyütücülergeciktiricilerereksiyon haplarıpenis sertleştirici haplarpenis büyütme ürünlerisertleştirici ereksiyon haplarısancaktepe escorteskisehir escortalpu escortizmir escortankara escortmersin escorteskişehir escortgaziantep escortsakarya escortkayseri escortantalya escortistanbul escortbursa escortadana escortadıyamanescortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortartvin escortaydın escortamasya escortardahan escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakır escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthatay escortığdır escortısparta escortmaraş escortkarabük escortkars escortkastamonu escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortkütahya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmardin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsamsun escorturfa escortsiirt escortuşak escortsinop escortşırnak escortsivas escorttekirdağ escorttokat escorttrabzon escorttunceli escortvan escortyozgat escortyalova escortzonguldak escortkıbrıs escortpendik escortesenyurt escortzeytinburnu escortküçükçekmece escortbeşiktaş escorttuzla escortbeykoz escortfatih escortsancaktepe escortarnavutköy escortbağcılar escortümraniye escortbeyoğlu escortüsküdar escortesenler escortmecidiyeköy escortsarıyer escortetiler escortlevent escortbebek escortgaziosmanpaşa escortkartal escortbaşakşehir escortşişli escorthalkalı escortbahçelievler escortortaköy escorteyüp escortbahçeşehir escortkağıthane escorttaksim escortçekmeköy escortbayrampaşa escortbeylikdüzü escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortbakırköy escortataköy escortnişantaşı escortkozyatağı escortavcılar escortbüyükçekmece escortkurtköy escortiçerenköy escortbostancı escortşirinevler escorterenköy escortadana escortadıyaman escortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortamasya escortankara escortantalya escortardahan escortartvin escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakir escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escorteskişehir escortantep escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthakkari escorthatay escortığdır escortistanbul escortizmir escortkarabük escortkaraman escortkars escortkastamonu escortkütahya escortkayseri escortkıbrıs escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmaraş escortmardin escortmersin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsakarya escortsamsun escortsiirt escortsinop escortçorlu escortçerkezköy escortsivas escortmanisa escortizmir escorthatay escorterzurum escortbalikesir escorturfa escorttrabzon escorttekirdag escortsamsun escortsakarya escortordu escortmugla escortmersin escortmardin escortmaras escortmalatya escortkonya escortkocaeli escortkayseri escorteskisehir escortdiyarbakir escortdenizli escortbursa escortaydin escortantep escortankara escortadana escortkuvvet macunusertleştirici macunyapay kızlık zarısertleştirici ilaçlarserleşme haplarısertleştirici ereksiyon ilaçlarıereksiyon haplarıvajina daraltıcı kremeczane ereksiyon ilaçlarıpenis sertleştiricihacklinkwordpress ücretsiz temahacklink seowso shellwso shellwso shellhtml code encryptionhtml kod şifrelemeinstagram takipçi hilesiçekiliş sitesiserver scansunucu taramasite speed testsite hız testiseo newsgoogle newssite analysisseo analysisbacklink saleshacklink panelwordpress themeswordpress free temaWordpress Free Themeshtml kod şifrelemeWho isbacklink alsunucu taramapubg hile alTanıtım Yazısıseoseo sorgulaseo sorgulamaBest Gaming Monitorswireless earbudsshapermint bra reviewsBest Dog Crateraycon reviewsbest stethoscopeinstagram beğeni hilesiinstagram unfollow freeinstagram takipci satın alinstagram free followersinstagram free followerssmm panelssmm panelinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram Followersinstagram free likesinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesibomonti escortgültepe escortbursa escortnisantasi escorttaksim escortkurtkoy escort bayanpendik escort bayantatto girlsoyun indirmakale programımeme küçültmeinstagram takipçi hilesibacklink albacklink satışbetebet canlikadın newskadına özelworld newsizmir escortmersin escortataşehir escortataşehir escortbeşiktaş escortesenler escortesenyurt escortfatih escortkadıköy escortkartal escortmaltepe escortpendik escortsarıyer escortpendik escortmaltepe escortkartal escortkadıköy escorttaksim escortsilivri escortşişli escortbağcılar escortbursa escortantalya escortankara escortadana escortgaziantep escortseo analysisistanbul escortviagra satın alviagra fiyatıdegrawso shellc99 shelladana escortcanlı bahisadana eskortbedava bonusdeneme bonusu30 tl bonus veren bahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonusuTürkçe Bahis Şirketlericanlı bahiskaçak iddaabahisbahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonusu veren bahis siteleric99 shellr57 shellbypass shellwebroot shellvigrandedegra 100 mgorcafilcialis nedircialis 20 mg eczane fiyatıcialis fiyatcialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgviagra fiyatliftalifta 5 mghardciscialis eczanecialis 5 mg fiyatıcialis 100 mg fiyatcialis 5 mgviagra fiyatlarıviagra satışonline eczane viagraviagra eczanecialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgcialis hapcialis 20cialis eczanecialis satışcialis fiyatlarıcialis fiyatıviagra fiyatviagra fiyatlarıviagra eczaneviagra satın alpfizer viagra satışonline eczane viagrapfizer viagra satın alviagra siparişviagra sipariş hattıviagra fiyat 2021online viagra siparişviagra fiyat 2021 eczaneviagra fiyat eczaneankara escortAnkara escort kızlarEscort ankaraankara escort bayanSincan escortSincan escort bayanEryaman escortEscort eryamanEscort sincanEtlik escortEtlik escort bayanKızılay escortantalya escortantalya escort bayanantalya escort bayanantalya escortankara escort bayanKeçiören escort bayanEscort ankaraKızılay escort bayanEryaman escort bayanEscort antalyaÇankaya escortEscort antalyaKeçiören EscortÇankaya escort bayanankara escortAnkara rus escortcialis 5 mgkamagra satın alkamagrakamagra jelkamagra jel siparişkamagra siparişkamagra fiyatkamagra jel fiyatıkamagra fiyatıkamagra 100mgkamagra 100mg fiyatsüper kamagrakamagra nedirkayseri escortmozrankGamelooplogsuz shell indirlitespeed bypass shellindoxploit shellphp shellgoogle sıra buluculitespeed bypass shellbacklink sorgulamaeryaman escorthacklink satışbacklink satışhacklink panelhacklinkbingöl escorteskişehir escortkırklareli escortçekmeköy escortsultangazi escortbodrum escortkuşadası escortc99 shellc99 shelllifta 20 mgliftalifta 20lifta 20 mg nedirlifta nedirhacklink seokarşıyaka escortbuca escortalsancak escortkonak escortkuşadası escortbeylikdüzü escortbornova escortçeşme escortgöztepe escortçankaya escortankara escortankara escort bayanescort ankaraescort ankaraankara escort bayanankara escortankara escortankara escort bayanescort ankaraphp encodebase64 encodecialis fiyatcialis fiyatlarıcialis 20 mgcialiscialis 100 mgcialis 5 mgcialis satışviagra fiyatıPendik EscortTuzla EscortKartal EscortKurtkoy EscortMalatya EscortEryaman EscortÇankaya Escortkayseri escortadana escortamasya escortbartın escortbatman escortadıyaman escortbayburt escortartvin escortantalya escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortağrı escortafyon escortbilecik escortbingöl escortburdur escortbolu escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçorum escortdüzce escortedirne escortçankırı escortdiyarbakır escortdenizli escortelazığ escortgiresun escorthatay escortkaraman escortısparta escortmaraş escortkars escortkastamonu escortgümüşhane escorteskişehir escortkarabük escorterzincan escorterzurum escortkayseri escortkütahya escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortmardin escortkonya escortmuğla escortkocaeli escortmanisa escortmersin escortkırşehir escortmalatya escortmuş escortosmaniye escortnevşehir escortniğde escortsamsun escortordu escortrize escorturfa escortsakarya escortsinop escorttekirdağ escortyalova escortzonguldak escortyozgat escortsivas escorttunceli escorttrabzon escortuşak escorttokat escortvan escortşırnak escortsivas escortuşak escorttunceli escortkıbrıs escortkıbrıs escorttekirdağ escortyozgat escorttokat escortzonguldak escorttrabzon escortvan escortyalova escortviagra fiyatinstagram followers freeEreksiyon Haplarıorcafil 5 mgflynta 5 mglifta 5 mgflynta 20 mglifta 20 mgdegra fiyatdegra 100 mgsildegra 100 mgsildegrasinegravigrandevigrande 100 mgcombo 100 mgvigaroojeligrasisli escortankara escortantalya escortANKARA ESCORTankara escortspam skoru öğrenalexa sorgulamaspam skoru sorgulamawho isalexa sorguyemek tarifleriyemek tarifi alyemek tarifitatlı tarifipasta tarifihacklink satışbedava bonusdeneme bonusucialis fiyatıcialis siparişbeylikdüzü escortçanakkale escorterotik film izleyeşilköy escortyenibosna escortzeytinburnu escortüsküdar escortümraniye escorttopkapı escorttaksim escortsuadiye escortşişli escortşirinevler escortsilivri escortpendik escortortaköy escortnişantaşı escortmerter escortmecidiyeköy escortmaslak escortmaltepe escortmahmutbey escortlevent escortkurtköy escortküçükyalı escortküçükçekmece escortkartal escortkağıthane escortkadıköy escortikitelli escortharamidere escorthalkalı escortgöztepe escortflorya escortfındıkzade escortfatih escortetiler escortesenyurt escorterenköy escortcihangir escortcevizli escortcennet mahallesi escortçapa escortçağlayan escortbüyükçekmece escortbeyoğlu escortbeylikdüzü escortbeşiktaş escortbaşakşehir escortbayrampaşa escortbakırköy escortbahçelievler escortbağdat escort escortbağcılar escortavrupa yakası escortavcılar escortataşehir escortatalar escortataköy escortanadolu yakası escortaksaray escortacıbadem escortzeytinburnu escortyakacık escortüsküdar escortümraniye escorttuzla escortbostancı escorttopkapı escorttaksim escortsultangazi escortsuadiye escortşişli escortşirinevler escortsilivri escortsarıyer escortsancaktepe escortpendik escortmerter escortmecidiyeköy escortmaltepe escortkurtköy escortkartal escortkadıköy escortistanbul escortikitelli escortiçerenköy escortgüngören escortgöztepe escortgebze escortetiler escortesenyurt escortesenler escortcennet mahallesi escortçatalca escortbüyükçekmece escortbostancı escortbeykoz escortbayrampaşa escortbakırköy escortbahçeşehir escortbahçelievler escortavrupa yakası escortavcılar escortataşehir escortataköy escortarnavutköy escortanadolu yakası escortanadolu yakası escortkartal escortkurtköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escorttuzla escortkartal escortpendik escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortbostancı escortataşehir escortkadıköy escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortpendik escortkurtköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortpendik escortgöztepe escortkartal escortmaltepe escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortbostancı escortataşehir escortkadıköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortpendik escortmaltepe escortkartal escortümraniye escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortmaltepe escortkartal escortbostancı escorttuzla escortpendik escortmaltepe escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortkadıköy escortkadıköy escortbostancı escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortyakacık escortkartal escortkurtköy escortpendik escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortkurtköy escortpendik escortkartal escortgebze escortaydınlı escorttuzla escortmutlukent escortbostancı escortkurtköy escortpendik escortümraniye escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortcevizli escortatalar escortmaltepe escortkartal escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortbostancı escortataşehir escortümraniye escortgöztepe escortşerifali escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortavrupa yakası escortküçükyalı escortkozyatağı escortiçerenköy escortacıbadem escortataşehir escortgöztepe escortsuadiye escorterenköy escortbostancı escortsuadiye escortkadıköy escortgöztepe escortbostanci escortçekmeköy escortşerifali escortümraniye escortüsküdar escortanadolu yakası escortbostancı escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortgöztepe escorttuzla escortpendik escortkurtköy escortmaltepe escortkartal escortümraniye escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortbeylikdüzü escortpendik escortmersin escortankara rus escortşişli escortbeylikdüzü escortbahçeşehir escortetiler escortavcılar escortmecidiyeköy escorttaksim escortesenyurt escortkonuşanlar izleısparta escortZonguldak escortTrabzon escorttempobetbetbootempobetsafirbet1xbet1xbetrotabettempobettempobetsafirbetcratosslottempobettempobetjojobetsekabetbaymavigrandbettingsekabetpaykwiksultanbetasyabahiselexbetastropaymarsbahisgrandbettingbetisttempobetrestbetjojobettipobetperabetbets10grandbettingsekabetsafirbetgranbettingtempobetvdcasinoyouwinsamsun escortsincan escort