Bağımsız Güncel Son Dakika Haber Sitesi

Jefferson Statue May Be Removed After More Than 100 Years at City Hall

For more than 100 years, a 7-foot-tall statue of Thomas Jefferson has towered over members of the New York City Council in their chamber at City …

Jefferson Statue May Be Removed After More Than 100 Years at City Hall

For more than 100 years, a 7-foot-tall statue of Thomas Jefferson has towered over members of the New York City Council in their chamber at City Hall.

The statue has stood by for generations of policy debates, thousands of bills passed and a city budget that has soared to roughly $100 billion. It has also withstood another test of time: Two decades ago, a call to banish the statue gained attention, but went nowhere.

But as the country continues the slow and painful process of determining who deserves to be memorialized in shared public spaces, the removal of the Jefferson statue is receiving far more serious consideration.

The statue made its debut at City Hall in the 1830s, and was moved to the Council chamber eight decades later.Credit…Dave Sanders for The New York Times

The Public Design Commission is expected on Monday to vote on and likely approve a long-term loan of the statue to the New-York Historical Society, after the City Council’s Black, Latino and Asian Caucus requested that the statue be removed.

The vote is part of a broad, nationwide reckoning over racial inequality highlighted by the murder of George Floyd, the racial disparities further revealed by the coronavirus pandemic, and the sometimes violent debate over whether Confederate monuments should be toppled and discarded.

Though Jefferson, one of the nation’s founding fathers, wrote about equality in the Declaration of Independence, he enslaved more than 600 people and fathered six children with one of them, Sally Hemings.

“How the hell can people see as a hero someone who had hundreds of enslaved Africans, someone who was a racist and who said we were inferior and someone who was a slaveholding pedophile?” said Assemblyman Charles Barron, the former councilman who tried to get the statue removed in 2001. “For him to be canonized in a statue is incredible — incredibly racist.”

The imposing statue, which sits on an almost 5-foot-tall pedestal, is a plaster model of the bronze statue of Jefferson that is on display in the United States Capitol Rotunda in Washington. It was commissioned in 1833 by Uriah P. Levy, the first Jewish commodore in the United States Navy, to commemorate Jefferson’s advocacy of religious freedom in the armed forces.

The Jefferson statue in Washington, by the celebrated French artist Pierre-Jean David d’Angers, was dedicated to the American people. The painted plaster version was later donated to New Yorkers and arrived at City Hall around 1834. When it first arrived in New York, Levy charged to view it and used the proceeds to feed the poor. It was installed in the City Council Chamber in the 1910s.

Annette Gordon-Reed, a Harvard Law School professor and a Jefferson expert, objected to the idea of taking down the Jefferson statue, but described its likely move to the New-York Historical Society, where she serves as a trustee, as the best-case scenario.

“This represents a lumping together of the Confederates and a member of the founding generation in a way which I think minimizes the crimes and the problems with the Confederacy,” Ms. Gordon-Reed said.

New York City has long grappled with how to handle monuments depicting divisive historical figures. After a deadly riot by white nationalists in 2017 in Charlottesville, Va., which began as a protest over plans to remove a Robert E. Lee statue, Mayor Bill de Blasio declared that the city would conduct a review of all “symbols of hate” on city property.

A plaque on Lower Broadway honoring Philippe Pétain, a French World War I hero who later collaborated with Nazis, would be one of the first to be removed, the mayor said at the time.

Mr. de Blasio backtracked after his plans for a full review were criticized, and announced a commission that would instead create guidelines for reviewing historical markers. The mayor’s commission elected to keep the Pétain plaque, as well as a monument to Christopher Columbus at Columbus Circle — accompanied by a sign that provided context about Columbus. The sign has not been added.

A statue of Dr. J. Marion Sims, considered a founder of modern gynecology, was removed in 2018 from Central Park at Fifth Avenue and 103rd Street because he perfected his procedures on unanesthetized enslaved women. After a tense competition, the city selected Vinnie Bagwell, a Black sculptor, to replace the statue with “Victory Beyond Sims,” a bronze angel holding a flame.

The Public Design Commission voted to remove the Theodore Roosevelt statue at the entrance of the American Museum of Natural History earlier this year and approved a long-term loan to an unnamed cultural institution, but no further plans have been announced.

The Jefferson statue has survived several attempted removals over the last two decades. But in 2019, the Council’s Black, Latino and Asian Caucus tried again, writing to Corey Johnson, the council speaker, that the statue should be removed because it “symbolizes the disgusting and racist basis on which America was founded.”

The following year, after the murder of Mr. Floyd by the police prompted the largest protest movement in U.S. history, Mr. Johnson and the caucus took the request to the mayor, calling the statue “a constant reminder of the injustices that have plagued communities of color since the inception of our country.”

In a statement, Mr. Johnson said the Historical Society would be able to “responsibly present the story of Thomas Jefferson and this statue with appropriate historical context,” something that is lacking in its “prominent display in the City Council chambers.”

Mr. de Blasio, speaking at a news conference last week after The New York Post reported that the statue was likely to be removed, described Jefferson as a “complex” historical figure who helped to create “good and strong and vibrant values” for America.

The mayor, who appoints a majority of the design commission, stressed that the push to remove the statue was initiated by Mr. Johnson and the Black, Latino and Asian Caucus, whose members make up almost half of the 51-person Council.

“The thing that is so troubling to people is that even someone who understood so deeply the values of freedom and human dignity, and the value of each life, was still a slave owner,” the mayor said.

The leaders of the Black, Latino and Asian Caucus saw the issue with less equivocation.

“I don’t expect to go into City Hall and see representations of such an oppressive past to so many people,” said I. Daneek Miller, a councilman from Queens and a co-chairman of the caucus. “We ought to be ashamed of ourselves.”

According to experts who track monuments, several other Jefferson statues have been removed or destroyed over the last year, including ones in Georgia and Oregon. Last year, Lucian K. Truscott IV, a direct descendant of Jefferson, wrote in The New York Times that the Jefferson Memorial in Washington should be replaced by a monument of the abolitionist Harriet Tubman.

A study of about 50,000 American monuments released last month by the research studio Monument Lab found that of the 50 people represented most frequently, nearly all were white men and half were slave owners. The organization’s director, Paul M. Farber, said that a nationwide reconsideration is underway.

“These decisions are not always about a statue, but really about how power is practiced through public memory and monuments,” Mr. Farber said.

If the statue is moved, curators at the New-York Historical Society intend to present it in a historical context that illuminates the “principal contradiction of our founding ideals” and the “lived experience of many founding Americans, including Jefferson,” said Louise Mirrer, the organization’s president and chief executive.

The initial loan period for the statue, which is in good condition after a recent renovation, would last 10 years and could be extended. The society already has a sword that belonged to Levy in its collection.

“We don’t bury history at our institution,” Ms. Mirrer said. “We tell history, and history is tough and it’s filled with contradictions.”

BU KONUYU SOSYAL MEDYA HESAPLARINDA PAYLAŞ
ZİYARETÇİ YORUMLARI

Henüz yorum yapılmamış. İlk yorumu aşağıdaki form aracılığıyla siz yapabilirsiniz.

BİR YORUM YAZ
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell
hacklink satışbacklink satışsite analizseo analizseo araclarıbacklinkcialis jelcialis fiyatlifta 20 mgviagra satın alviagra 100 mg fiyatviagra siparişcialis 5 mg fiyatsertleştirici haplarlifta hapkayganlaştırıcıbayan azdırıcıpenis büyütücülergeciktiricilerereksiyon haplarıpenis sertleştirici haplarpenis büyütme ürünlerisertleştirici ereksiyon haplarısancaktepe escorteskisehir escortalpu escortizmir escortankara escortmersin escorteskişehir escortgaziantep escortsakarya escortkayseri escortantalya escortistanbul escortbursa escortadana escortadıyamanescortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortartvin escortaydın escortamasya escortardahan escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakır escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthatay escortığdır escortısparta escortmaraş escortkarabük escortkars escortkastamonu escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortkütahya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmardin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsamsun escorturfa escortsiirt escortuşak escortsinop escortşırnak escortsivas escorttekirdağ escorttokat escorttrabzon escorttunceli escortvan escortyozgat escortyalova escortzonguldak escortkıbrıs escortpendik escortesenyurt escortzeytinburnu escortküçükçekmece escortbeşiktaş escorttuzla escortbeykoz escortfatih escortsancaktepe escortarnavutköy escortbağcılar escortümraniye escortbeyoğlu escortüsküdar escortesenler escortmecidiyeköy escortsarıyer escortetiler escortlevent escortbebek escortgaziosmanpaşa escortkartal escortbaşakşehir escortşişli escorthalkalı escortbahçelievler escortortaköy escorteyüp escortbahçeşehir escortkağıthane escorttaksim escortçekmeköy escortbayrampaşa escortbeylikdüzü escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortbakırköy escortataköy escortnişantaşı escortkozyatağı escortavcılar escortbüyükçekmece escortkurtköy escortiçerenköy escortbostancı escortşirinevler escorterenköy escortadana escortadıyaman escortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortamasya escortankara escortantalya escortardahan escortartvin escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakir escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escorteskişehir escortantep escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthakkari escorthatay escortığdır escortistanbul escortizmir escortkarabük escortkaraman escortkars escortkastamonu escortkütahya escortkayseri escortkıbrıs escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmaraş escortmardin escortmersin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsakarya escortsamsun escortsiirt escortsinop escortçorlu escortçerkezköy escortsivas escortmanisa escortizmir escorthatay escorterzurum escortbalikesir escorturfa escorttrabzon escorttekirdag escortsamsun escortsakarya escortordu escortmugla escortmersin escortmardin escortmaras escortmalatya escortkonya escortkocaeli escortkayseri escorteskisehir escortdiyarbakir escortdenizli escortbursa escortaydin escortantep escortankara escortadana escortkuvvet macunusertleştirici macunyapay kızlık zarısertleştirici ilaçlarserleşme haplarısertleştirici ereksiyon ilaçlarıereksiyon haplarıvajina daraltıcı kremeczane ereksiyon ilaçlarıpenis sertleştiricihacklinkwordpress ücretsiz temahacklink seowso shellwso shellwso shellhtml code encryptionhtml kod şifrelemeinstagram takipçi hilesiçekiliş sitesiserver scansunucu taramasite speed testsite hız testiseo newsgoogle newssite analysisseo analysisbacklink saleshacklink panelwordpress themeswordpress free temaWordpress Free Themeshtml kod şifrelemeWho isbacklink alsunucu taramapubg hile alTanıtım Yazısıseoseo sorgulaseo sorgulamaBest Gaming Monitorswireless earbudsshapermint bra reviewsBest Dog Crateraycon reviewsbest stethoscopeinstagram beğeni hilesiinstagram unfollow freeinstagram takipci satın alinstagram free followersinstagram free followerssmm panelssmm panelinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram Followersinstagram free likesinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesibomonti escortgültepe escortbursa escortnisantasi escorttaksim escortkurtkoy escort bayanpendik escort bayantatto girlsoyun indirmakale programımeme küçültmeinstagram takipçi hilesibacklink albacklink satışbetebet canlikadın newskadına özelworld newsizmir escortmersin escortataşehir escortataşehir escortbeşiktaş escortesenler escortesenyurt escortfatih escortkadıköy escortkartal escortmaltepe escortpendik escortsarıyer escortpendik escortmaltepe escortkartal escortkadıköy escorttaksim escortsilivri escortşişli escortbağcılar escortbursa escortantalya escortankara escortadana escortgaziantep escortseo analysisistanbul escortviagra satın alviagra fiyatıdegrawso shellc99 shelladana escortcanlı bahisadana eskortbedava bonusdeneme bonusu30 tl bonus veren bahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonusuTürkçe Bahis Şirketlericanlı bahiskaçak iddaabahisbahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonusu veren bahis siteleric99 shellr57 shellbypass shellwebroot shellvigrandedegra 100 mgorcafilcialis nedircialis 20 mg eczane fiyatıcialis fiyatcialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgviagra fiyatliftalifta 5 mghardciscialis eczanecialis 5 mg fiyatıcialis 100 mg fiyatcialis 5 mgviagra fiyatlarıviagra satışonline eczane viagraviagra eczanecialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgcialis hapcialis 20cialis eczanecialis satışcialis fiyatlarıcialis fiyatıviagra fiyatviagra fiyatlarıviagra eczaneviagra satın alpfizer viagra satışonline eczane viagrapfizer viagra satın alviagra siparişviagra sipariş hattıviagra fiyat 2021online viagra siparişviagra fiyat 2021 eczaneviagra fiyat eczaneankara escortAnkara escort kızlarEscort ankaraankara escort bayanSincan escortSincan escort bayanEryaman escortEscort eryamanEscort sincanEtlik escortEtlik escort bayanKızılay escortantalya escortantalya escort bayanantalya escort bayanantalya escortankara escort bayanKeçiören escort bayanEscort ankaraKızılay escort bayanEryaman escort bayanEscort antalyaÇankaya escortEscort antalyaKeçiören EscortÇankaya escort bayanankara escortAnkara rus escortcialis 5 mgkamagra satın alkamagrakamagra jelkamagra jel siparişkamagra siparişkamagra fiyatkamagra jel fiyatıkamagra fiyatıkamagra 100mgkamagra 100mg fiyatsüper kamagrakamagra nedirkayseri escortmozrankGamelooplogsuz shell indirlitespeed bypass shellindoxploit shellphp shellgoogle sıra buluculitespeed bypass shellbacklink sorgulamaeryaman escorthacklink satışbacklink satışhacklink panelhacklinkbingöl escorteskişehir escortkırklareli escortçekmeköy escortsultangazi escortbodrum escortkuşadası escortc99 shellc99 shelllifta 20 mgliftalifta 20lifta 20 mg nedirlifta nedirhacklink seokarşıyaka escortbuca escortalsancak escortkonak escortkuşadası escortbeylikdüzü escortbornova escortçeşme escortgöztepe escortçankaya escortankara escortankara escort bayanescort ankaraescort ankaraankara escort bayanankara escortankara escortankara escort bayanescort ankaraphp encodebase64 encodecialis fiyatcialis fiyatlarıcialis 20 mgcialiscialis 100 mgcialis 5 mgcialis satışviagra fiyatıPendik EscortTuzla EscortKartal EscortKurtkoy EscortMalatya EscortEryaman EscortÇankaya Escortkayseri escortadana escortamasya escortbartın escortbatman escortadıyaman escortbayburt escortartvin escortantalya escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortağrı escortafyon escortbilecik escortbingöl escortburdur escortbolu escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçorum escortdüzce escortedirne escortçankırı escortdiyarbakır escortdenizli escortelazığ escortgiresun escorthatay escortkaraman escortısparta escortmaraş escortkars escortkastamonu escortgümüşhane escorteskişehir escortkarabük escorterzincan escorterzurum escortkayseri escortkütahya escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortmardin escortkonya escortmuğla escortkocaeli escortmanisa escortmersin escortkırşehir escortmalatya escortmuş escortosmaniye escortnevşehir escortniğde escortsamsun escortordu escortrize escorturfa escortsakarya escortsinop escorttekirdağ escortyalova escortzonguldak escortyozgat escortsivas escorttunceli escorttrabzon escortuşak escorttokat escortvan escortşırnak escortsivas escortuşak escorttunceli escortkıbrıs escortkıbrıs escorttekirdağ escortyozgat escorttokat escortzonguldak escorttrabzon escortvan escortyalova escortviagra fiyatinstagram followers freeEreksiyon Haplarıorcafil 5 mgflynta 5 mglifta 5 mgflynta 20 mglifta 20 mgdegra fiyatdegra 100 mgsildegra 100 mgsildegrasinegravigrandevigrande 100 mgcombo 100 mgvigaroojeligrasisli escortankara escortantalya escortANKARA ESCORTankara escortspam skoru öğrenalexa sorgulamaspam skoru sorgulamawho isalexa sorguyemek tarifleriyemek tarifi alyemek tarifitatlı tarifipasta tarifihacklink satışbedava bonusdeneme bonusucialis fiyatıcialis siparişbeylikdüzü escortçanakkale escorterotik film izleyeşilköy escortyenibosna escortzeytinburnu escortüsküdar escortümraniye escorttopkapı escorttaksim escortsuadiye escortşişli escortşirinevler escortsilivri escortpendik escortortaköy escortnişantaşı escortmerter escortmecidiyeköy escortmaslak escortmaltepe escortmahmutbey escortlevent escortkurtköy escortküçükyalı escortküçükçekmece escortkartal escortkağıthane escortkadıköy escortikitelli escortharamidere escorthalkalı escortgöztepe escortflorya escortfındıkzade escortfatih escortetiler escortesenyurt escorterenköy escortcihangir escortcevizli escortcennet mahallesi escortçapa escortçağlayan escortbüyükçekmece escortbeyoğlu escortbeylikdüzü escortbeşiktaş escortbaşakşehir escortbayrampaşa escortbakırköy escortbahçelievler escortbağdat escort escortbağcılar escortavrupa yakası escortavcılar escortataşehir escortatalar escortataköy escortanadolu yakası escortaksaray escortacıbadem escortzeytinburnu escortyakacık escortüsküdar escortümraniye escorttuzla escortbostancı escorttopkapı escorttaksim escortsultangazi escortsuadiye escortşişli escortşirinevler escortsilivri escortsarıyer escortsancaktepe escortpendik escortmerter escortmecidiyeköy escortmaltepe escortkurtköy escortkartal escortkadıköy escortistanbul escortikitelli escortiçerenköy escortgüngören escortgöztepe escortgebze escortetiler escortesenyurt escortesenler escortcennet mahallesi escortçatalca escortbüyükçekmece escortbostancı escortbeykoz escortbayrampaşa escortbakırköy escortbahçeşehir escortbahçelievler escortavrupa yakası escortavcılar escortataşehir escortataköy escortarnavutköy escortanadolu yakası escortanadolu yakası escortkartal escortkurtköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escorttuzla escortkartal escortpendik escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortbostancı escortataşehir escortkadıköy escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortpendik escortkurtköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortpendik escortgöztepe escortkartal escortmaltepe escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortbostancı escortataşehir escortkadıköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortpendik escortmaltepe escortkartal escortümraniye escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortmaltepe escortkartal escortbostancı escorttuzla escortpendik escortmaltepe escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortkadıköy escortkadıköy escortbostancı escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortyakacık escortkartal escortkurtköy escortpendik escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortkurtköy escortpendik escortkartal escortgebze escortaydınlı escorttuzla escortmutlukent escortbostancı escortkurtköy escortpendik escortümraniye escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortcevizli escortatalar escortmaltepe escortkartal escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortbostancı escortataşehir escortümraniye escortgöztepe escortşerifali escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortavrupa yakası escortküçükyalı escortkozyatağı escortiçerenköy escortacıbadem escortataşehir escortgöztepe escortsuadiye escorterenköy escortbostancı escortsuadiye escortkadıköy escortgöztepe escortbostanci escortçekmeköy escortşerifali escortümraniye escortüsküdar escortanadolu yakası escortbostancı escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortgöztepe escorttuzla escortpendik escortkurtköy escortmaltepe escortkartal escortümraniye escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortbeylikdüzü escortpendik escortmersin escortankara rus escortşişli escortbeylikdüzü escortbahçeşehir escortetiler escortavcılar escortmecidiyeköy escorttaksim escortesenyurt escortkonuşanlar izleısparta escortZonguldak escortTrabzon escorttempobetbetbootempobetsafirbet1xbet1xbetrotabettempobettempobetsafirbetcratosslottempobettempobetjojobetsekabetbaymavigrandbettingsekabetpaykwiksultanbetasyabahiselexbetastropaymarsbahisgrandbettingbetisttempobetrestbetjojobettipobetperabetbets10grandbettingsekabetsafirbetgranbettingtempobetvdcasinoyouwinsamsun escortsincan escort