Bağımsız Güncel Son Dakika Haber Sitesi

As Gangs’ Power Grows, Haiti’s Police Are Outgunned and Underpaid

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Two officers with Haiti’s rapid-reaction force pulled up to a bridge in the capital, Port-au-Prince, to set up a …

As Gangs’ Power Grows, Haiti’s Police Are Outgunned and Underpaid

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Two officers with Haiti’s rapid-reaction force pulled up to a bridge in the capital, Port-au-Prince, to set up a checkpoint and do an afternoon’s worth of work searching for guns, drugs, wanted criminals and kidnapping victims.

On each side of the bridge were neighborhoods under siege by gangs. In one of them, Haitian officials believe a powerful gang, 400 Mawozo, is holding a group of American and Canadian missionaries hostage for ransom. But the officers couldn’t venture into the nearby streets: the criminal organizations surrounding them have better guns, better motorcycles, and more fuel.

So the officers kept to the bridge, frustrated at the power imbalance that leaves them helpless and much of the capital, Port-au-Prince, and the nation under the control of criminal organizations like 400 Mawozo.

“We took this job knowing the risks,” said Edvie Boursiquot, 41, an officer with the rapid-reaction force who joined the police 14 years ago. “But we need to go to work knowing that we have a government that supports us, that it is looking out for us. That we are given what we need to fight the gangs, better arms, better motorcycles.”

Gangs have long been powerful in Haiti, often serving as muscle for politicians who, in turn, provided them with weapons and vehicles. But under Haiti’s last elected president, Jovenel Moïse, and since his assassination in July, the power of gangs has only grown, while that of the police, dependent on an increasingly depleted state, has diminished, leaving officers even more underfunded, underequipped and severely underpaid.

The power gap was evident on a recent morning, as the Haitian police’s rapid-reaction force, known as the Motorized Intervention Unit, set up a checkpoint on a bridge. On either side were gang-controlled neighborhoods that had been nearly emptied as impoverished residents preferred to abandon homes and possessions rather than live under the sway of a gang that kills and robs at will.

The police know that in one of the neighborhoods, Croix-des-Bouquets, the dominant 400 Mawozo gang is holding 16 Americans and a Canadian hostage, threatening their lives if the religious aid organization they belong to does not pay a ransom of $1 million per head.

But entering the neighborhood is out of the question. So the officers instead worked on the bridge, checking passing cars for guns, drugs and wanted criminals, frustrated by their inability to do more.

“The conditions have changed,” said Ms. Boursiquot, who rode to the checkpoint on the back of a colleague’s motorcycle because there was not another one for her. “They get worse every year.”

“We took this job knowing the risks,” said Edvie Boursiquot, an officer with the rapid-reaction force who joined the police 14 years ago. “But we need to go to work knowing that we have a government that supports us.”Credit…Adriana Zehbrauskas for The New York Times

Ms. Boursiquot’s colleague, Ulrick Jacques, 40, interjected, pulling down the balaclava he wears to protect his identity from gang members so reporters could see the anger on his face.

“I am ready to fight, but I need the peace of mind that this government is backing me,” Mr. Jacques said. “That every day I go to work, no one will starve at home, that I can feed my children.”

Instead, Mr. Jacques and Ms. Boursiquot said, they have not received a raise in years while gangs swell their ranks and arm themselves with more sophisticated weapons than they have.

Both officers had joined the police 14 years ago and had been promoted over a year ago, moving up a rank, they said, but they had not yet received the raise that accompanies the promotion and can barely support their families on the $220 they earn a month.

What few government-issued benefits they have, like food or health care, are being clawed back.

When her daughter broke her knee last year, Ms. Boursiquot took her to the hospital, only to discover that the government had bumped her three children from her insurance. She had to pay $90 — close to half her monthly income — to mend her daughter’s knee and for medication. Her husband, who left years ago, does not help support their family.

“I am ready to fight but I need the peace of mind that this government is backing me,” said Ulrick Jacques, 40, right. “That every day I go to work, no one will starve at home, that I can feed my children.”Credit…Adriana Zehbrauskas for The New York Times

Hunger is now a regular aspect of lives, their families joining the ranks of the undernourished in Haiti, Mr. Jacques said. Officers receive a special debit card that allows them to buy food at grocery stores, he said, but the government has not topped it up in over two months.

Of Haiti’s 11 million people, 4.4 million need food assistance, according to the United Nations.

“We are down to our nails,” Mr. Jacques said, his voice shaking with rage. “How can you explain that schools are open and we cannot afford the tuition? That grocery stores are full and we can only look at the food from the outside?”

The two police officers worried that they, too, could soon join the increasing number of Haitian citizens who are internally displaced by gangs.

A few miles south of the police’s checkpoint on the bridge, a stone’s throw from the United States Embassy, is the Tabarre Issa neighborhood, where over 3,000 people fled this year after gangs fired on their homes and warned them to leave or be killed.

To the north is Croix-des-Bouquets, where the 400 Mawozo gang is holding the kidnapped missionaries with Christian Aid Ministries and their children, the youngest an 8-month-old.

In a brazen display of authority, when the leader of 400 Mawozo issued his execution threat against the hostages, he did so on the streets of Croix-des-Bouquet, surrounded by hundreds of gang members as American and Haitian officials surveilled the area.

The bridge separating two gang-controlled neighborhoods. Over 3,000 people fled the Tabarre Issa neighborhood this year after gangs fired on their homes and warned them to leave or be killed.Credit…Adriana Zehbrauskas for The New York Times

The Motorized Intervention Unit, or B.I.M. as it is known, was started in 2007 under President René Préval, intended to be a rapid-response unit of the police, able to mobilize quickly on motorbikes and quad bikes, nimbly navigating the traffic-gnarled streets of Port-au-Prince.

The force, considered almost an elite unit with special training and funding, was considered one of the most efficient and effective units of the Haitian police until President Michel Martelly was sworn into office in 2011.

The unit atrophied under Mr. Martelly’s presidency, the government using the B.I.M. to provide personal protection to officials and their family members and to guard government buildings. A large order of motorbikes intended to replace the police’s aging fleet was made and paid for under Mr. Martelly’s government, but the vehicles were never delivered, causing a scandal.

Now, the force uses lower-cost Chinese bikes called Loncin, which police officers say tend to fall apart.

On the bridge into Croix-des-Bouquets, the police continued to check vehicles and Haitians who streamed by on foot — among them Nahomie Bauvais, 25, who had her 2-month-old in her arms.

She hates the insecurity that hangs over her neighborhood, but feels she has no option beyond hoping that the gangs leave her and her two children alone and that the government retakes and exerts control over Croix-des-Bouquet again.

A police checkpoint this month in Port-au-Prince.Credit…Adriana Zehbrauskas for The New York Times

It is a long shot, she knows. And it would not solve all of her problems. If the government is unable to provide the basics — electricity, security, trash collection — even in wealthy neighborhoods where powerful politicians live, there is little reason to believe it will do so in impoverished ones like hers.

“There is no state here,” Ms. Bauvais said. “I live day by day. What else can you do when you hear gunshots through the night and wake up, hoping for the best?”

She worried about the growing appeal of gangs to former classmates and friends who idle listlessly on sidewalks, playing game after game of dominoes, no jobs to go to or food to eat.

“We have to look out and protect ourselves,” Ms. Bauvais said.

Comments like that irk Mr. Jacques, who argues that he and his colleagues try their best, even if they feel just as helpless as civilians like Ms. Bauvais.

“We are here working, but can you really work? When you have no motorcycles, no fuel to go from neighborhood to neighborhood?” Mr. Jacques asked. “The population sees us with bad eyes, they think we aren’t doing anything. They don’t know that we try, but we cannot.”

BU KONUYU SOSYAL MEDYA HESAPLARINDA PAYLAŞ
ZİYARETÇİ YORUMLARI

Henüz yorum yapılmamış. İlk yorumu aşağıdaki form aracılığıyla siz yapabilirsiniz.

BİR YORUM YAZ
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell
hacklink satışbacklink satışsite analizseo analizseo araclarıbacklinkcialis jelcialis fiyatlifta 20 mgviagra satın alviagra 100 mg fiyatviagra siparişcialis 5 mg fiyatsertleştirici haplarlifta hapkayganlaştırıcıbayan azdırıcıpenis büyütücülergeciktiricilerereksiyon haplarıpenis sertleştirici haplarpenis büyütme ürünlerisertleştirici ereksiyon haplarısancaktepe escorteskisehir escortalpu escortizmir escortankara escortmersin escorteskişehir escortgaziantep escortsakarya escortkayseri escortantalya escortistanbul escortbursa escortadana escortadıyamanescortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortartvin escortaydın escortamasya escortardahan escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakır escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthatay escortığdır escortısparta escortmaraş escortkarabük escortkars escortkastamonu escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortkütahya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmardin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsamsun escorturfa escortsiirt escortuşak escortsinop escortşırnak escortsivas escorttekirdağ escorttokat escorttrabzon escorttunceli escortvan escortyozgat escortyalova escortzonguldak escortkıbrıs escortpendik escortesenyurt escortzeytinburnu escortküçükçekmece escortbeşiktaş escorttuzla escortbeykoz escortfatih escortsancaktepe escortarnavutköy escortbağcılar escortümraniye escortbeyoğlu escortüsküdar escortesenler escortmecidiyeköy escortsarıyer escortetiler escortlevent escortbebek escortgaziosmanpaşa escortkartal escortbaşakşehir escortşişli escorthalkalı escortbahçelievler escortortaköy escorteyüp escortbahçeşehir escortkağıthane escorttaksim escortçekmeköy escortbayrampaşa escortbeylikdüzü escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortbakırköy escortataköy escortnişantaşı escortkozyatağı escortavcılar escortbüyükçekmece escortkurtköy escortiçerenköy escortbostancı escortşirinevler escorterenköy escortadana escortadıyaman escortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortamasya escortankara escortantalya escortardahan escortartvin escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakir escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escorteskişehir escortantep escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthakkari escorthatay escortığdır escortistanbul escortizmir escortkarabük escortkaraman escortkars escortkastamonu escortkütahya escortkayseri escortkıbrıs escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmaraş escortmardin escortmersin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsakarya escortsamsun escortsiirt escortsinop escortçorlu escortçerkezköy escortsivas escortmanisa escortizmir escorthatay escorterzurum escortbalikesir escorturfa escorttrabzon escorttekirdag escortsamsun escortsakarya escortordu escortmugla escortmersin escortmardin escortmaras escortmalatya escortkonya escortkocaeli escortkayseri escorteskisehir escortdiyarbakir escortdenizli escortbursa escortaydin escortantep escortankara escortadana escortkuvvet macunusertleştirici macunyapay kızlık zarısertleştirici ilaçlarserleşme haplarısertleştirici ereksiyon ilaçlarıereksiyon haplarıvajina daraltıcı kremeczane ereksiyon ilaçlarıpenis sertleştiricihacklinkwordpress ücretsiz temahacklink seowso shellwso shellwso shellhtml code encryptionhtml kod şifrelemeinstagram takipçi hilesiçekiliş sitesiserver scansunucu taramasite speed testsite hız testiseo newsgoogle newssite analysisseo analysisbacklink saleshacklink panelwordpress themeswordpress free temaWordpress Free Themeshtml kod şifrelemeWho isbacklink alsunucu taramapubg hile alTanıtım Yazısıseoseo sorgulaseo sorgulamaBest Gaming Monitorswireless earbudsshapermint bra reviewsBest Dog Crateraycon reviewsbest stethoscopeinstagram beğeni hilesiinstagram unfollow freeinstagram takipci satın alinstagram free followersinstagram free followerssmm panelssmm panelinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram Followersinstagram free likesinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesibomonti escortgültepe escortbursa escortnisantasi escorttaksim escortkurtkoy escort bayanpendik escort bayantatto girlsoyun indirmakale programımeme küçültmeinstagram takipçi hilesibacklink albacklink satışbetebet canlikadın newskadına özelworld newsizmir escortmersin escortataşehir escortataşehir escortbeşiktaş escortesenler escortesenyurt escortfatih escortkadıköy escortkartal escortmaltepe escortpendik escortsarıyer escortpendik escortmaltepe escortkartal escortkadıköy escorttaksim escortsilivri escortşişli escortbağcılar escortbursa escortantalya escortankara escortadana escortgaziantep escortseo analysisistanbul escortviagra satın alviagra fiyatıdegrawso shellc99 shelladana escortcanlı bahisadana eskort30 tl bonus veren bahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonusuTürkçe Bahis Şirketlericanlı bahiskaçak iddaabahisbahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonusu veren bahis siteleric99 shellr57 shellbypass shellwebroot shellvigrandedegra 100 mgorcafilcialis nedircialis 20 mg eczane fiyatıcialis fiyatcialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgviagra fiyatliftalifta 5 mghardciscialis eczanecialis 5 mg fiyatıcialis 100 mg fiyatcialis 5 mgviagra fiyatlarıviagra satışonline eczane viagraviagra eczanecialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgcialis hapcialis 20cialis eczanecialis satışcialis fiyatlarıcialis fiyatıviagra fiyatviagra fiyatlarıviagra eczaneviagra satın alpfizer viagra satışonline eczane viagrapfizer viagra satın alviagra siparişviagra sipariş hattıviagra fiyat 2021online viagra siparişviagra fiyat 2021 eczaneviagra fiyat eczaneankara escortAnkara escort kızlarEscort ankaraankara escort bayanSincan escortSincan escort bayanEryaman escortEscort eryamanEscort sincanEtlik escortEtlik escort bayanKızılay escortantalya escortantalya escort bayanantalya escort bayanantalya escortankara escort bayanKeçiören escort bayanEscort ankaraKızılay escort bayanEryaman escort bayanEscort antalyaÇankaya escortEscort antalyaKeçiören EscortÇankaya escort bayanankara escortAnkara rus escortcialis 5 mgkamagra satın alkamagrakamagra jelkamagra jel siparişkamagra siparişkamagra fiyatkamagra jel fiyatıkamagra fiyatıkamagra 100mgkamagra 100mg fiyatsüper kamagrakamagra nedirkayseri escortmozrankGamelooplogsuz shell indirlitespeed bypass shellindoxploit shellphp shellgoogle sıra buluculitespeed bypass shellbacklink sorgulamaeryaman escorthacklink satışbacklink satışhacklink panelhacklinkbingöl escorteskişehir escortkırklareli escortçekmeköy escortsultangazi escortbodrum escortkuşadası escortc99 shellc99 shelllifta 20 mgliftalifta 20lifta 20 mg nedirlifta nedirhacklink seokarşıyaka escortbuca escortalsancak escortkonak escortkuşadası escortbeylikdüzü escortbornova escortçeşme escortgöztepe escortçankaya escortankara escortankara escort bayanescort ankaraescort ankaraankara escort bayanankara escortankara escortankara escort bayanescort ankaraphp encodebase64 encodecialis fiyatcialis fiyatlarıcialis 20 mgcialiscialis 100 mgcialis 5 mgcialis satışviagra fiyatıPendik EscortTuzla EscortKartal EscortKurtkoy EscortMalatya EscortEryaman EscortÇankaya Escortkayseri escortadana escortamasya escortbartın escortbatman escortadıyaman escortbayburt escortartvin escortantalya escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortağrı escortafyon escortbilecik escortbingöl escortburdur escortbolu escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçorum escortdüzce escortedirne escortçankırı escortdiyarbakır escortdenizli escortelazığ escortgiresun escorthatay escortkaraman escortısparta escortmaraş escortkars escortkastamonu escortgümüşhane escorteskişehir escortkarabük escorterzincan escorterzurum escortkayseri escortkütahya escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortmardin escortkonya escortmuğla escortkocaeli escortmanisa escortmersin escortkırşehir escortmalatya escortmuş escortosmaniye escortnevşehir escortniğde escortsamsun escortordu escortrize escorturfa escortsakarya escortsinop escorttekirdağ escortyalova escortzonguldak escortyozgat escortsivas escorttunceli escorttrabzon escortuşak escorttokat escortvan escortşırnak escortsivas escortuşak escorttunceli escortkıbrıs escortkıbrıs escorttekirdağ escortyozgat escorttokat escortzonguldak escorttrabzon escortvan escortyalova escortviagra fiyatinstagram followers freeEreksiyon Haplarıorcafil 5 mgflynta 5 mglifta 5 mgflynta 20 mglifta 20 mgdegra fiyatdegra 100 mgsildegra 100 mgsildegrasinegravigrandevigrande 100 mgcombo 100 mgvigaroojeligrasisli escortankara escortantalya escortANKARA ESCORTankara escortspam skoru öğrenalexa sorgulamaspam skoru sorgulamawho isalexa sorguyemek tarifleriyemek tarifi alyemek tarifitatlı tarifipasta tarifihacklink satışbedava bonusdeneme bonusucialis fiyatıcialis siparişbeylikdüzü escortçanakkale escorterotik film izleyeşilköy escortyenibosna escortzeytinburnu escortüsküdar escortümraniye escorttopkapı escorttaksim escortsuadiye escortşişli escortşirinevler escortsilivri escortpendik escortortaköy escortnişantaşı escortmerter escortmecidiyeköy escortmaslak escortmaltepe escortmahmutbey escortlevent escortkurtköy escortküçükyalı escortküçükçekmece escortkartal escortkağıthane escortkadıköy escortikitelli escortharamidere escorthalkalı escortgöztepe escortflorya escortfındıkzade escortfatih escortetiler escortesenyurt escorterenköy escortcihangir escortcevizli escortcennet mahallesi escortçapa escortçağlayan escortbüyükçekmece escortbeyoğlu escortbeylikdüzü escortbeşiktaş escortbaşakşehir escortbayrampaşa escortbakırköy escortbahçelievler escortbağdat escort escortbağcılar escortavrupa yakası escortavcılar escortataşehir escortatalar escortataköy escortanadolu yakası escortaksaray escortacıbadem escortzeytinburnu escortyakacık escortüsküdar escortümraniye escorttuzla escortbostancı escorttopkapı escorttaksim escortsultangazi escortsuadiye escortşişli escortşirinevler escortsilivri escortsarıyer escortsancaktepe escortpendik escortmerter escortmecidiyeköy escortmaltepe escortkurtköy escortkartal escortkadıköy escortistanbul escortikitelli escortiçerenköy escortgüngören escortgöztepe escortgebze escortetiler escortesenyurt escortesenler escortcennet mahallesi escortçatalca escortbüyükçekmece escortbostancı escortbeykoz escortbayrampaşa escortbakırköy escortbahçeşehir escortbahçelievler escortavrupa yakası escortavcılar escortataşehir escortataköy escortarnavutköy escortanadolu yakası escortanadolu yakası escortkartal escortkurtköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escorttuzla escortkartal escortpendik escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortbostancı escortataşehir escortkadıköy escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortpendik escortkurtköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortpendik escortgöztepe escortkartal escortmaltepe escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortbostancı escortataşehir escortkadıköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortpendik escortmaltepe escortkartal escortümraniye escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortmaltepe escortkartal escortbostancı escorttuzla escortpendik escortmaltepe escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortkadıköy escortkadıköy escortbostancı escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortyakacık escortkartal escortkurtköy escortpendik escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortkurtköy escortpendik escortkartal escortgebze escortaydınlı escorttuzla escortmutlukent escortbostancı escortkurtköy escortpendik escortümraniye escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortcevizli escortatalar escortmaltepe escortkartal escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortbostancı escortataşehir escortümraniye escortgöztepe escortşerifali escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortavrupa yakası escortküçükyalı escortkozyatağı escortiçerenköy escortacıbadem escortataşehir escortgöztepe escortsuadiye escorterenköy escortbostancı escortsuadiye escortkadıköy escortgöztepe escortbostanci escortçekmeköy escortşerifali escortümraniye escortüsküdar escortanadolu yakası escortbostancı escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortgöztepe escorttuzla escortpendik escortkurtköy escortmaltepe escortkartal escortümraniye escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortbeylikdüzü escortpendik escortmersin escortankara rus escortşişli escortbeylikdüzü escortbahçeşehir escortetiler escortavcılar escortmecidiyeköy escorttaksim escortesenyurt escortkonuşanlar izleısparta escortZonguldak escortTrabzon escorttempobetbetbootempobetsafirbet1xbet1xbetrotabettempobettempobetsafirbetcratosslottempobettempobetjojobetsekabetbaymavigrandbettingsekabetpaykwiksultanbetasyabahiselexbetastropaymarsbahisgrandbettingbetisttempobetrestbetjojobettipobetperabetbets10grandbettingsekabetsafirbetgranbettingtempobetvdcasinoyouwinsamsun escortsincan escortgazintep escortkayseri escortporno izlecialis satışcialis 100 mg fiyatcialis 20 mg eczane fiyatıcialis 5 mgcialis hapcialis 5 mg fiyatıcialis nedircialis 100 mgcialis 20 mgcialis fiyatcialisviagra fiyatı 2021viagra fiyatviagra yorumviagra nedirhalkalı escort