Bağımsız Güncel Son Dakika Haber Sitesi

Richard Schultz, Designer Who Made the Outdoors Modern, Dies at 95

Richard Schultz, the ingenious industrial designer whose furniture collections for Knoll, thedesign laboratory that streamlined American …

Richard Schultz, the ingenious industrial designer whose furniture collections for Knoll, thedesign laboratory that streamlined American interiors, are among the classics of modern design, died on Sept. 28 in Princeton, N.J. He was 95.

He had been in ill health, his son Peter said.

Rust was the catalyst for Mr. Schultz’s most enduring design: an elegant, clean-lined outdoor chaise made from plastic mesh, aluminum tubes and a pair of wheels.

Florence Knoll, Mr. Schultz’s boss, had taken a few metal chairs by the sculptor and designer Harry Bertoia to her seaside house in Florida, and they had rusted out. (The Bertoia chairs are another modernist classic, manufactured by Knoll, which Mr. Schultz had helped form.) She asked Mr. Schultz to make something that could withstand the elements.

In those days, in the early 60s, as Mr. Schultz wrote in “Form Follows Technique: A Design Manifesto” (2019), most outdoor furniture looked as if it had been designed before the French Revolution, “with stamped-out metal, bunches of flowers and leaves. It was very much period looking furniture.”

Mr. Schultz set to work to make outdoor pieces with no extraneous curves.

The chaise from the Leisure Collection, as it was called — a name that made its designer wince — was an instant hit when it came on the market in 1966. The Museum of Modern Art acquired its sleek prototype for its permanent collection. More than five decades later, it is still in production.

Writing in The New York Times in 1999, William L. Hamilton said that it was “still as crisp to see and sit in as a summer-weight suit.”

An earlier, more fanciful outdoor piece, Mr. Schultz’s petal table, was inspired by Queen Anne’s lace, with separate teak “petals” sprouting from individual metal stems that collect at the base. The clever design allows the petals to expand and contract with the elements. It, too, was quickly acquired by MoMA.

Mr. Schultz’s petal table was inspired by Queen Anne’s lace, with separate teak “petals” designed to expand and contract with the elements.Credit…Knoll Archive

These two museum pieces, “the table, with its big petals and the chaise, with its training wheels,” wrote Paola Antonelli, senior curator of architecture and design at MoMA, in an email, “always struck me as two characters from a silhouetted 1960s cartoon, materialized in real life by an equally exact and optimistic manufacturer. For an Italian design buff, it was ‘America’ at its finest.”

In the early 1990s, Mr. Schultz had been on his own for decades, selling his designs to various furniture companies, including Knoll, when he began working with cardboard and then sheet metal, punching holes in the material to simulate the dappled shade of sunlight piercing through leaves, and slicing the pieces into simple shapes to make chairs and sofas for a collection he called Topiary.

“I wanted to design a chair which looked like a shrub pruned to look like a chair,” Mr. Schultz said. “I am fascinated by the way sunlight comes through the leaves of shrubbery. This furniture acts like a light filter, disappearing into nature. Sometimes the pattern looks like flowers. Covered with dew it looks alive.”

The major outdoor furniture manufacturers found this work too weird to buy, however, said Peter Schultz, so he encouraged his father to make it himself. He did, with the help of Peter, an architect. Knoll had dropped the Leisure Collectionin the 1980s, and father and son produced that, too. The company gave Mr. Schultz the license and the molds it was made from, and he promptly renamed it the 1966 Collection. In 2012, Knoll bought the collection back.

Mr. Schultz’s most enduring design was an elegant outdoor chaise made from plastic mesh, aluminum tubes and a pair of wheels.Credit…Knoll Archive

Moses Richard Schultz was born on Sept. 22, 1926, in Lafayette, Indi. His father, Bernard, owned a chain of local clothing stores; his mother, Mary (Howard) Schultz, was a homemaker. As a child, Richard made steam engines in the family basement, and his mother thought he should be an engineer. Math, it turned out, was not his strongest subject, so he dropped out of Iowa State University and enlisted in the Navy, where he worked as a radio operator.

After his military service, he entered the Institute of Design in Chicago, an industrial design school founded by a former Bauhaus professor, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, that was otherwise known as the new or American Bauhaus, which is to say it was dedicated to promoting good design in everyday objects.

After graduating in 1950, he spent the summer sketching in Europe. He showed up at the Knoll offices in New York City, without an appointment, and was hired on the spot by Florence Knoll on the strength of his those sketches.

His wife-to-be, Trudy Busch, was working in the planning department, and they married in 1953. As his son Peter recalled, Mr. Schultz wasn’t much of an office guy, and so Ms. Knoll sent him to Pennsylvania, where the Knoll factory was, to work with Harry Bertoia.

Mr. Schultz marveled at Mr. Bertoia’s process, which was to design from the materials he was working with, rather than making a sketch or a model. To create what would become the Diamond chair, Mr. Bertoia fashioned a rough platform to sit on, and then sculpted forms out of wire around him, refining as he went. It was Mr. Schultz’s job to help him make the chair work. (They used the rubber shock gaskets found in car engines, for example, to anchor the seat to the chair frame.)

“‘Form follows technique’ is more of a governing idea than ‘form follows function,’” Mr. Schulz wrote in his book, noting the Bauhaus tenet. “If comfort is a given, then what controls form is the choice of materials and technique.”

The Leisure Collection, as this suite of outdoor furniture was called, was a name that made its designer wince. When Mr. Schultz brought the pieces back into production in the 1990s, he renamed it the 1966 Collection. Credit…Knoll Archive

In 1972, Knoll laid off its designers; it was far cheaper, the company realized, to pay royalties instead of salaries. Mr. Schultz bought tools with his severance pay and set up a design shop on his property, 49 acres of farmland in Bally, Pa.

There, his family lived in a farmhouse outfitted with Mr. Schultz’s prototypes, bits and pieces repurposed from Knoll’s development studio and furniture he made himself. Lampshades were fashioned from accordion-folded drafting paper, or Japanese rice paper lanterns.

Money was tight, and Ms. Schultz went to work as a waitress in a local restaurant. The Schultzes could not afford new tires, so the family car, a Morris Minor, was prone to blowouts. “There was a time I wished I had a regular dad who was an executive and drove a Cadillac,” Peter Schultz said.

In 1978, the family fortunes lifted when Mr. Schultz designed an upholstered office chair called Paradigm and it was snapped up by a furniture company in Michigan.

In addition to his son Peter, Mr. Schultz is survived by two other sons, Steven and David, and four grandchildren. Ms. Schultz died in 2016. Their daughter, Monica Fadding, died in 2006.

Mr. Schultz often said that he and his colleagues at Knoll weren’t designing to satisfy the demands of a market. They made what interested them, and they had a boss who encouraged their explorations. “Good design is good business,” Ms. Knoll told them.

“There was no market for such designs,” Mr. Schultz wrote in his design manifesto. “There was no style that existed that architects and designers were trying to fit into. But, in the modern era at least, there was something in the air: a zeitgeist that existed and could be felt by those working at the time. There was a great sense of optimism. We lived in the present and we were inventing it as we went along.”

BU KONUYU SOSYAL MEDYA HESAPLARINDA PAYLAŞ
ZİYARETÇİ YORUMLARI

Henüz yorum yapılmamış. İlk yorumu aşağıdaki form aracılığıyla siz yapabilirsiniz.

BİR YORUM YAZ
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell
hacklink satışbacklink satışsite analizseo analizseo araclarıbacklinkcialis jelcialis fiyatlifta 20 mgviagra satın alviagra 100 mg fiyatviagra siparişcialis 5 mg fiyatsertleştirici haplarlifta hapkayganlaştırıcıbayan azdırıcıpenis büyütücülergeciktiricilerereksiyon haplarıpenis sertleştirici haplarpenis büyütme ürünlerisertleştirici ereksiyon haplarısancaktepe escorteskisehir escortalpu escortizmir escortankara escortmersin escorteskişehir escortgaziantep escortsakarya escortkayseri escortantalya escortistanbul escortbursa escortadana escortadıyamanescortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortartvin escortaydın escortamasya escortardahan escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakır escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthatay escortığdır escortısparta escortmaraş escortkarabük escortkars escortkastamonu escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortkütahya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmardin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsamsun escorturfa escortsiirt escortuşak escortsinop escortşırnak escortsivas escorttekirdağ escorttokat escorttrabzon escorttunceli escortvan escortyozgat escortyalova escortzonguldak escortkıbrıs escortpendik escortesenyurt escortzeytinburnu escortküçükçekmece escortbeşiktaş escorttuzla escortbeykoz escortfatih escortsancaktepe escortarnavutköy escortbağcılar escortümraniye escortbeyoğlu escortüsküdar escortesenler escortmecidiyeköy escortsarıyer escortetiler escortlevent escortbebek escortgaziosmanpaşa escortkartal escortbaşakşehir escortşişli escorthalkalı escortbahçelievler escortortaköy escorteyüp escortbahçeşehir escortkağıthane escorttaksim escortçekmeköy escortbayrampaşa escortbeylikdüzü escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortbakırköy escortataköy escortnişantaşı escortkozyatağı escortavcılar escortbüyükçekmece escortkurtköy escortiçerenköy escortbostancı escortşirinevler escorterenköy escortadana escortadıyaman escortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortamasya escortankara escortantalya escortardahan escortartvin escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakir escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escorteskişehir escortantep escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthakkari escorthatay escortığdır escortistanbul escortizmir escortkarabük escortkaraman escortkars escortkastamonu escortkütahya escortkayseri escortkıbrıs escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmaraş escortmardin escortmersin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsakarya escortsamsun escortsiirt escortsinop escortçorlu escortçerkezköy escortsivas escortmanisa escortizmir escorthatay escorterzurum escortbalikesir escorturfa escorttrabzon escorttekirdag escortsamsun escortsakarya escortordu escortmugla escortmersin escortmardin escortmaras escortmalatya escortkonya escortkocaeli escortkayseri escorteskisehir escortdiyarbakir escortdenizli escortbursa escortaydin escortantep escortankara escortadana escortkuvvet macunusertleştirici macunyapay kızlık zarısertleştirici ilaçlarserleşme haplarısertleştirici ereksiyon ilaçlarıereksiyon haplarıvajina daraltıcı kremeczane ereksiyon ilaçlarıpenis sertleştiricihacklinkwordpress ücretsiz temahacklink seowso shellwso shellwso shellhtml code encryptionhtml kod şifrelemeinstagram takipçi hilesiçekiliş sitesiserver scansunucu taramasite speed testsite hız testiseo newsgoogle newssite analysisseo analysisbacklink saleshacklink panelwordpress themeswordpress free temaWordpress Free Themeshtml kod şifrelemeWho isbacklink alsunucu taramapubg hile alTanıtım Yazısıseoseo sorgulaseo sorgulamaBest Gaming Monitorswireless earbudsshapermint bra reviewsBest Dog Crateraycon reviewsbest stethoscopeinstagram beğeni hilesiinstagram unfollow freeinstagram takipci satın alinstagram free followersinstagram free followerssmm panelssmm panelinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram Followersinstagram free likesinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesibomonti escortgültepe escortbursa escortnisantasi escorttaksim escortkurtkoy escort bayanpendik escort bayantatto girlsoyun indirmakale programımeme küçültmeinstagram takipçi hilesibacklink albacklink satışbetebet canlikadın newskadına özelworld newsizmir escortmersin escortataşehir escortataşehir escortbeşiktaş escortesenler escortesenyurt escortfatih escortkadıköy escortkartal escortmaltepe escortpendik escortsarıyer escortpendik escortmaltepe escortkartal escortkadıköy escorttaksim escortsilivri escortşişli escortbağcılar escortbursa escortantalya escortankara escortadana escortgaziantep escortseo analysisistanbul escortviagra satın alviagra fiyatıdegrawso shellc99 shelladana escortcanlı bahisadana eskortbedava bonusdeneme bonusu30 tl bonus veren bahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonusuTürkçe Bahis Şirketlericanlı bahiskaçak iddaabahisbahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonusu veren bahis siteleric99 shellr57 shellbypass shellwebroot shellvigrandedegra 100 mgorcafilcialis nedircialis 20 mg eczane fiyatıcialis fiyatcialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgviagra fiyatliftalifta 5 mghardciscialis eczanecialis 5 mg fiyatıcialis 100 mg fiyatcialis 5 mgviagra fiyatlarıviagra satışonline eczane viagraviagra eczanecialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgcialis hapcialis 20cialis eczanecialis satışcialis fiyatlarıcialis fiyatıviagra fiyatviagra fiyatlarıviagra eczaneviagra satın alpfizer viagra satışonline eczane viagrapfizer viagra satın alviagra siparişviagra sipariş hattıviagra fiyat 2021online viagra siparişviagra fiyat 2021 eczaneviagra fiyat eczaneankara escortAnkara escort kızlarEscort ankaraankara escort bayanSincan escortSincan escort bayanEryaman escortEscort eryamanEscort sincanEtlik escortEtlik escort bayanKızılay escortantalya escortantalya escort bayanantalya escort bayanantalya escortankara escort bayanKeçiören escort bayanEscort ankaraKızılay escort bayanEryaman escort bayanEscort antalyaÇankaya escortEscort antalyaKeçiören EscortÇankaya escort bayanankara escortAnkara rus escortcialis 5 mgkamagra satın alkamagrakamagra jelkamagra jel siparişkamagra siparişkamagra fiyatkamagra jel fiyatıkamagra fiyatıkamagra 100mgkamagra 100mg fiyatsüper kamagrakamagra nedirkayseri escortmozrankGamelooplogsuz shell indirlitespeed bypass shellindoxploit shellphp shellgoogle sıra buluculitespeed bypass shellbacklink sorgulamaeryaman escorthacklink satışbacklink satışhacklink panelhacklinkbingöl escorteskişehir escortkırklareli escortçekmeköy escortsultangazi escortbodrum escortkuşadası escortc99 shellc99 shelllifta 20 mgliftalifta 20lifta 20 mg nedirlifta nedirhacklink seokarşıyaka escortbuca escortalsancak escortkonak escortkuşadası escortbeylikdüzü escortbornova escortçeşme escortgöztepe escortçankaya escortankara escortankara escort bayanescort ankaraescort ankaraankara escort bayanankara escortankara escortankara escort bayanescort ankaraphp encodebase64 encodecialis fiyatcialis fiyatlarıcialis 20 mgcialiscialis 100 mgcialis 5 mgcialis satışviagra fiyatıPendik EscortTuzla EscortKartal EscortKurtkoy EscortMalatya EscortEryaman EscortÇankaya Escortkayseri escortadana escortamasya escortbartın escortbatman escortadıyaman escortbayburt escortartvin escortantalya escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortağrı escortafyon escortbilecik escortbingöl escortburdur escortbolu escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçorum escortdüzce escortedirne escortçankırı escortdiyarbakır escortdenizli escortelazığ escortgiresun escorthatay escortkaraman escortısparta escortmaraş escortkars escortkastamonu escortgümüşhane escorteskişehir escortkarabük escorterzincan escorterzurum escortkayseri escortkütahya escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortmardin escortkonya escortmuğla escortkocaeli escortmanisa escortmersin escortkırşehir escortmalatya escortmuş escortosmaniye escortnevşehir escortniğde escortsamsun escortordu escortrize escorturfa escortsakarya escortsinop escorttekirdağ escortyalova escortzonguldak escortyozgat escortsivas escorttunceli escorttrabzon escortuşak escorttokat escortvan escortşırnak escortsivas escortuşak escorttunceli escortkıbrıs escortkıbrıs escorttekirdağ escortyozgat escorttokat escortzonguldak escorttrabzon escortvan escortyalova escortviagra fiyatinstagram followers freeEreksiyon Haplarıorcafil 5 mgflynta 5 mglifta 5 mgflynta 20 mglifta 20 mgdegra fiyatdegra 100 mgsildegra 100 mgsildegrasinegravigrandevigrande 100 mgcombo 100 mgvigaroojeligrasisli escortankara escortantalya escortANKARA ESCORTankara escortspam skoru öğrenalexa sorgulamaspam skoru sorgulamawho isalexa sorguyemek tarifleriyemek tarifi alyemek tarifitatlı tarifipasta tarifihacklink satışbedava bonusdeneme bonusucialis fiyatıcialis siparişbeylikdüzü escortçanakkale escorterotik film izleyeşilköy escortyenibosna escortzeytinburnu escortüsküdar escortümraniye escorttopkapı escorttaksim escortsuadiye escortşişli escortşirinevler escortsilivri escortpendik escortortaköy escortnişantaşı escortmerter escortmecidiyeköy escortmaslak escortmaltepe escortmahmutbey escortlevent escortkurtköy escortküçükyalı escortküçükçekmece escortkartal escortkağıthane escortkadıköy escortikitelli escortharamidere escorthalkalı escortgöztepe escortflorya escortfındıkzade escortfatih escortetiler escortesenyurt escorterenköy escortcihangir escortcevizli escortcennet mahallesi escortçapa escortçağlayan escortbüyükçekmece escortbeyoğlu escortbeylikdüzü escortbeşiktaş escortbaşakşehir escortbayrampaşa escortbakırköy escortbahçelievler escortbağdat escort escortbağcılar escortavrupa yakası escortavcılar escortataşehir escortatalar escortataköy escortanadolu yakası escortaksaray escortacıbadem escortzeytinburnu escortyakacık escortüsküdar escortümraniye escorttuzla escortbostancı escorttopkapı escorttaksim escortsultangazi escortsuadiye escortşişli escortşirinevler escortsilivri escortsarıyer escortsancaktepe escortpendik escortmerter escortmecidiyeköy escortmaltepe escortkurtköy escortkartal escortkadıköy escortistanbul escortikitelli escortiçerenköy escortgüngören escortgöztepe escortgebze escortetiler escortesenyurt escortesenler escortcennet mahallesi escortçatalca escortbüyükçekmece escortbostancı escortbeykoz escortbayrampaşa escortbakırköy escortbahçeşehir escortbahçelievler escortavrupa yakası escortavcılar escortataşehir escortataköy escortarnavutköy escortanadolu yakası escortanadolu yakası escortkartal escortkurtköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escorttuzla escortkartal escortpendik escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortbostancı escortataşehir escortkadıköy escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortpendik escortkurtköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortpendik escortgöztepe escortkartal escortmaltepe escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortbostancı escortataşehir escortkadıköy escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortpendik escortmaltepe escortkartal escortümraniye escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortmaltepe escortkartal escortbostancı escorttuzla escortpendik escortmaltepe escortanadolu yakası escortkurtköy escortkadıköy escortkadıköy escortbostancı escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortyakacık escortkartal escortkurtköy escortpendik escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortkurtköy escortpendik escortkartal escortgebze escortaydınlı escorttuzla escortmutlukent escortbostancı escortkurtköy escortpendik escortümraniye escortanadolu yakası escortmaltepe escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortcevizli escortatalar escortmaltepe escortkartal escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortanadolu yakası escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortbostancı escortataşehir escortümraniye escortgöztepe escortşerifali escortataşehir escortanadolu yakası escortavrupa yakası escortküçükyalı escortkozyatağı escortiçerenköy escortacıbadem escortataşehir escortgöztepe escortsuadiye escorterenköy escortbostancı escortsuadiye escortkadıköy escortgöztepe escortbostanci escortçekmeköy escortşerifali escortümraniye escortüsküdar escortanadolu yakası escortbostancı escortümraniye escortkadıköy escortgöztepe escorttuzla escortpendik escortkurtköy escortmaltepe escortkartal escortümraniye escortbostancı escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortbeylikdüzü escortpendik escortmersin escortankara rus escortşişli escortbeylikdüzü escortbahçeşehir escortetiler escortavcılar escortmecidiyeköy escorttaksim escortesenyurt escortkonuşanlar izleısparta escortZonguldak escortTrabzon escorttempobetbetbootempobetsafirbet1xbet1xbetrotabettempobettempobetsafirbetcratosslottempobettempobetjojobetsekabetbaymavigrandbettingsekabetpaykwiksultanbetasyabahiselexbetastropaymarsbahisgrandbettingbetisttempobetrestbetjojobettipobetperabetbets10grandbettingsekabetsafirbetgranbettingtempobetvdcasinoyouwinsamsun escortsincan escort