Bağımsız Güncel Son Dakika Haber Sitesi

11 Deaths Put Focus on N.Y.C.’s Failure to Make Basement Apartments Safe

Two years ago, as Mayor Bill de Blasio pushed expansive plans to create more affordable homes in New York City, his administration launched an …

11 Deaths Put Focus on N.Y.C.’s Failure to Make Basement Apartments Safe

Two years ago, as Mayor Bill de Blasio pushed expansive plans to create more affordable homes in New York City, his administration launched an initiative to tackle one of the city’s thorniest housing problems: transforming illegal basement apartments into safe, livable spaces.

To many the move was seen as long overdue and in some cases a matter of life and death. There are tens of thousands of such units, the only places where many low-income New Yorkers and immigrants can afford to live, even if cramped, unregulated conditions put them at risk of floods, fires and many other threats.

But after the city promised a program to transform the shadowy world of basement apartments, its initiative has largely foundered. Mr. de Blasio slashed the budget during the pandemic, and only eight homes are participating.

The fate of the basement program has now come under heightened scrutiny after the remnants of Hurricane Ida inundated the city this month, killing 11 people in basement homes. Nearly all those who died in the city, including a toddler and his parents, lost their lives in illegal homes in basements and cellars, often as crushing floodwaters left them with no means to escape. Several were immigrants, neighbors said.

The city has said that it slashed the program last spring as one of several cost-saving measures taken during the pandemic to deal with a staggering budget crisis. Officials have not said whether they intend to restore the funding, or expand the program, as Mr. de Blasio has said he wanted to do.

After Ida, the mayor has acknowledged the problem of basement apartments and says the city plans to better alert or evacuate residents living in them during dangerous storms. But he also said the city does not have a ready answer to the broader question of how to make the illicit underground dwellings, which play a large role in addressing the city’s shortage of affordable housing, safe places to live.

“I could tell you that we’ve got some miraculous plan to solve the illegal basement problem overnight,” he said. “We don’t.’’

The cost, he said, could be several billion dollars. Based on the findings from the program, each conversion could cost at least $250,000 to $310,000, based on existing regulations.

Some housing experts have questioned the administration’s commitment to the issue. The pilot program was a relatively modest investment, and the city has received billions of dollars in supplemental federal pandemic aid.

“The mayor had said that helping to advance safety and habitability in basement apartments was a top priority for him,” said Jessica Katz, executive director of the Citizens Housing and Planning Council, a nonprofit housing group that is evaluating the city’s basement apartment program. “The basement pilot was a small but serious step in the right direction — which was promptly defunded.”

Ms. Katz, who worked for several years in the city’s housing department until 2017, said “there’s been very little progress from this administration’’ on making basements “better to live in.’’

The city’s stumbles on addressing illegal basement and cellar homes — many of both lack basic requirements like more than one exit — are just one piece of New York’s housing affordability crisis. (Both basements and cellars are at least partially underground, but cellars, in which at least half of the space is below curb level, are always illegal to rent out, while some basements can be legal.)

The coronavirus pandemic, which left hundreds of thousands of people out of work, has made the situation worse, while climate change has heightened the threat of more frequent and fierce storms.

At its core, the challenge is a matter of supply and demand. The number of low-income New Yorkers far exceeds the number of affordable homes, prompting many to seek refuge in dangerous but relatively inexpensive basement homes.

The prevalence of illegal units extends beyond New York. In Utah this year, the State Legislature passed a bill making it easier for people to rent out their basements. In Boston, a pilot program to help homeowners rent their basements has been expanded citywide.

But in few places is the problem as pressing as in New York, where the number of illicit units probably far outstrips those in any other American city. There is no official count, but Mr. de Blasio estimated that there were at least 50,000 illegal units housing more than 100,000 people.

Andrew Rudansky, a spokesman for the city’s Buildings Department, said five of the six homes where people died during the flooding were illegal conversions of cellars or basements into apartments, while a sixth home was a legal basement unit.

In at least four of the five illegal units, there was only one way in and out, according to the Buildings Department, which is investigating the six deaths along with the Police Department.

The pilot program in East New York, Brooklyn, in 2019 was the first meaningful attempt to try to convert such units into legal homes, according to city officials.

When the de Blasio administration rezoned East New York in 2016, many residents feared that new development would lead to significant displacement. Renting out basements could provide newcomers with an affordable home while also bringing in additional income for existing residents trying to pay their mortgage.

“There are people who need somewhere safe to stay,’’ said Ms. Matthews, who had wanted for years to rent out her basement to help pay her mortgage.Credit…Sara Naomi Lewkowicz for The New York Times

The pilot started in March 2019, with about $12 million from the city and a goal to help 40 households in East New York convert their basements to apartments and see if the initiative could be applied across the city.

The city provided about $120,000 per home in loans that could eventually be forgiven to help retrofit the basements and make them legal homes by adding more entrances and exits or sprinkler systems among other items, said Michelle Neugebauer, the executive director of Cypress Hills Local Development Corporation, a local group that is running the pilot.

Participants had to have low or moderate incomes and live in the home where the basement was to be converted into an apartment.

There were high expectations, with Mr. Blasio declaring in February 2020 that the pilot could be expanded citywide. The program, Ms. Neugebauer said, was ready to move forward on nine properties and was assessing dozens of others.

Then the pandemic hit. The city cut $7.5 million of the program’s budget, Ms. Neugebauer said, and program was limited to working on just the nine initial homes.

“It’s really devastating,” Ms. Neugebauer said. “We’re just kind of hanging in there by the skin of our teeth.”

The mayor’s office did not respond to questions about using federal pandemic funds or other financial sources to help salvage the program.

One of the nine homeowners dropped out for health reasons, but the conversion process is underway at eight other homes. Once city permits and loans are secured, construction could start early next year and take about seven months, according to the Cypress Hills Local Development Corporation

Despite the setbacks, the pilot has been an unexpected boon for one homeowner, Crystal Matthews.

Ms. Matthews, 46, a nurse, bought her house in East New York, a modest three-story building near her sister, more than three years ago because she wanted to have a home available for her aging parents who live a few miles away.

She quickly looked into what it would take to legally rent out her basement, which has both an entrance and an exit to the backyard, to help pay her $3,500 monthly mortgage and other costs. She knew many of her neighbors rented illegally, but did not want to take the risk of being fined by the city.

But even the simple task of installing a sprinkler system as required by housing code could cost up to $40,000, so she dropped the idea. Her basement remained a vacant — and, in her mind, wasted — space. When she heard about the pilot, she jumped at the opportunity.

“With gentrification being what it is, there are people who need somewhere safe to stay,” she said.

Despite the program’s setbacks, Ms. Neugebauer said there have been some valuable lessons.

The high costs of most basement conversions has shed light on the type of funding that would be needed across the city.

Ms. Katz said the pilot could also point to regulations that could be changed to ease conversions. Under current rules, for example, adding basement units requires the addition of new parking spaces, which is a tall order in many dense neighborhoods.

“We have this issue, where you can’t make an apartment a little bit safer, you have to make it perfect, and so we do nothing at all,” Ms. Katz said. “That’s kind of putting our heads in the sand.”

BU KONUYU SOSYAL MEDYA HESAPLARINDA PAYLAŞ
ZİYARETÇİ YORUMLARI

Henüz yorum yapılmamış. İlk yorumu aşağıdaki form aracılığıyla siz yapabilirsiniz.

BİR YORUM YAZ
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell instagram takipçi hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi
bahçe dekorasyonu evde ek gelir eskişehir haber sondakika haberleri magazin haberleri seo sorgulama site analiz seo analiz google sıra bulucu backlink sorgulama sunucu tarama çekiliş çekiliş sitesi Who is html kod şifreleme seo hacklink hacklink satış hacklink panel wordpress ücretsiz tema wordpress free themes wordpress free tema wordpress themes wordpress hacklink al kilo verme wso shell php shell hacklink hacklink panel hızlı seo hacklink seo nedir wso shell
hacklink satışbacklink satışsite analizseo analizseo araclarıbacklinkcialis jelcialis fiyatlifta 20 mgviagra satın alviagra 100 mg fiyatviagra siparişcialis 5 mg fiyatsertleştirici haplarlifta hapkayganlaştırıcıbayan azdırıcıpenis büyütücülergeciktiricilerereksiyon haplarıpenis sertleştirici haplarpenis büyütme ürünlerisertleştirici ereksiyon haplarısancaktepe escorttuzla escorteskisehir escortalpu escortizmir escortankara escortmersin escorteskişehir escortgaziantep escortsakarya escortkayseri escortantalya escortistanbul escortbursa escortadana escortadıyamanescortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortartvin escortaydın escortamasya escortardahan escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakır escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthatay escortığdır escortısparta escortmaraş escortkarabük escortkars escortkastamonu escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortkütahya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmardin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsamsun escorturfa escortsiirt escortuşak escortsinop escortşırnak escortsivas escorttekirdağ escorttokat escorttrabzon escorttunceli escortvan escortyozgat escortyalova escortzonguldak escortkıbrıs escortpendik escortesenyurt escortzeytinburnu escortküçükçekmece escortbeşiktaş escorttuzla escortbeykoz escortfatih escortsancaktepe escortarnavutköy escortbağcılar escortümraniye escortbeyoğlu escortüsküdar escortesenler escortmecidiyeköy escortsarıyer escortetiler escortlevent escortbebek escortgaziosmanpaşa escortkartal escortbaşakşehir escortşişli escorthalkalı escortbahçelievler escortortaköy escorteyüp escortbahçeşehir escortkağıthane escorttaksim escortçekmeköy escortsultançiftliği escortşaşkınbakkal escortbayrampaşa escortbeylikdüzü escortkadıköy escortataşehir escortbakırköy escortmerter escortataköy escortnişantaşı escortkozyatağı escortavcılar escortbüyükçekmece escortkurtköy escortiçerenköy escortküçükyalı escortbostancı escortşirinevler escorterenköy escortadana escortadıyaman escortafyon escortağrı escortaksaray escortamasya escortankara escortantalya escortardahan escortartvin escortaydın escortbalıkesir escortbartın escortbatman escortbayburt escortbilecik escortbingöl escortbitlis escortbolu escortburdur escortbursa escortçanakkale escortçankırı escortçorum escortdenizli escortdiyarbakir escortdüzce escortedirne escortelazığ escorterzincan escorterzurum escorteskişehir escortantep escortgiresun escortgümüşhane escorthakkari escorthatay escortığdır escortistanbul escortizmir escortkarabük escortkaraman escortkars escortkastamonu escortkütahya escortkayseri escortkıbrıs escortkilis escortkırıkkale escortkırklareli escortkırşehir escortkocaeli escortkonya escortmalatya escortmanisa escortmaraş escortmardin escortmersin escortmuğla escortmuş escortnevşehir escortniğde escortordu escortosmaniye escortrize escortsakarya escortsamsun escortsiirt escortsinop escortçorlu escortçerkezköy escortsivas escortmanisa escortizmir escorthatay escorterzurum escortbalikesir escorturfa escorttrabzon escorttekirdag escortsamsun escortsakarya escortordu escortmugla escortmersin escortmardin escortmaras escortmalatya escortkonya escortkocaeli escortkayseri escorteskisehir escortdiyarbakir escortdenizli escortbursa escortaydin escortantep escortankara escortadana escortkuvvet macunusertleştirici macunyapay kızlık zarısertleştirici ilaçlarserleşme haplarısertleştirici ereksiyon ilaçlarıereksiyon haplarıvajina daraltıcı kremeczane ereksiyon ilaçlarıpenis sertleştiricihacklinkwordpress ücretsiz temahacklink seowso shellwso shellwso shellhtml code encryptionhtml kod şifrelemeçekilişçekiliş sitesiserver scansunucu taramasite speed testsite hız testiseo newsgoogle newssite analysisseo analysisbacklink saleshacklink panelwordpress themeswordpress free temaWordpress Free Themeshtml kod şifrelemeWho isbacklink alsunucu taramapubg hile alTanıtım Yazısıseoseo sorgulaseo sorgulamaBest Gaming Monitorswireless earbudsshapermint bra reviewsBest Dog Crateraycon reviewsbest stethoscopeinstagram beğeni hilesiinstagram unfollowinstagram takipci satın alinstagram Followers Freeinsagram Free Followerssmm panelsmm panelinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram Followersinstagram free likesinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesiinstagram takipci hilesibomonti escortgültepe escortbursa escortnisantasi escorttaksim escortkurtkoy escort bayanpendik escort bayantatto girlsoyun indirmakale programımeme küçültmeinstagram takipçi hilesibacklink albacklink satıştempobet1xbetrotabetjojobetsekabetbetisttempobet1xbetmobilbahisperabetmarsbahissuperbetincratosslotpaykwikastropaytempobetbetbooelexbetsultanbetbaymavicasinomaxirestbetsafirbetsafirbettempobetbetebet canliAntalya EscortKonyaaltı Escortdidim escortkadın newskadına özelworld newssex hikayeizmir escortmersin escortataşehir escortataşehir escortbeşiktaş escortesenler escortesenyurt escortfatih escortkadıköy escortkartal escortmaltepe escortpendik escortsarıyer escortpendik escortmaltepe escortkartal escortkadıköy escorttaksim escortsilivri escortşişli escortbağcılar escortbursa escortantalya escortankara escortadana escortgaziantep escortseo analysisistanbul escortviagra satın alviagra fiyatıdegrawso shellpendik escortc99 shelladana escortcanlı bahisadana eskortnevşehir escortbedava bonus veren bahis siteleribedava bonusdeneme bonusu30 tl bonus veren bahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonususex hikayeleriTürkçe Bahis Şirketlericanlı bahiskaçak iddaabahisbahis sitelerihoşgeldin bonusu veren bahis siteleriporno hikayeleristanbul escortc99 shellr57 shellbypass shellwebroot shellpendik escortvigrandedegra 100 mgorcafilcialis nedircialis 20 mg eczane fiyatıcialis fiyatcialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgviagra fiyatliftalifta 5 mghardciscialis eczanecialis 5 mg fiyatıcialis 100 mg fiyatcialis 5 mgviagra fiyatlarıviagra satışonline eczane viagraviagra eczanecialis 20 mgcialis 100 mgcialis hapcialis 20cialis eczanecialis satışcialis fiyatlarıcialis fiyatıviagra fiyatviagra fiyatlarıviagra eczaneviagra satın alpfizer viagra satışonline eczane viagrapfizer viagra satın alviagra siparişviagra sipariş hattıviagra fiyat 2021online viagra siparişviagra fiyat 2021 eczaneviagra fiyat eczaneankara escortAnkara escort kızlarEscort ankaraankara escort bayanSincan escortSincan escort bayanEryaman escortEscort eryamanEscort sincanEtlik escortEtlik escort bayanKızılay escortantalya escortantalya escort bayanantalya escort bayanantalya escortankara escort bayanKeçiören escort bayanEscort ankaraKızılay escort bayanEryaman escort bayanEscort antalyaÇankaya escortEscort antalyaKeçiören EscortÇankaya escort bayanankara escortAnkara rus escortankara escortankara escortkartal escortcialis 5 mgkamagra satın alkamagrakamagra jelkamagra jel siparişkamagra siparişkamagra fiyatkamagra jel fiyatıkamagra fiyatıkamagra 100mgkamagra 100mg fiyatsüper kamagrakamagra nedirpendik escortkurtkoy escorttuzla escortkayseri escortmozrankGamelooplogsuz shell indirlitespeed bypass shellindoxploit shellphp shellgoogle sıra buluculitespeed bypass shellbacklink sorgulamaeryaman escortistanbul escorthacklink satışbacklink satışhacklink panelhacklinkbingöl escorteskişehir escortkırklareli escortçekmeköy escortsultangazi escortbodrum escortkuşadası escortc99 shellc99 shelllifta 20 mgliftalifta 20lifta 20 mg nedirlifta nedir